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Mt. Kenya and Mt. Kilimanjaro

the two largest mountains in Africa

Victoria Falls

a waterfall a.k.a. "smoke that thunders"

Africa's rivers

provide hydroelectric power and transportation

Tropical Rainforest

climate with significant amount of rainfall; lies along equator and Congo River

Tropical Savana

climate that supplies grasslands for continent's famous large animals


climate that covers more of Africa than any other climate


country with largest oil reserves


other climate found in sub sahara africa

Diamonds and gold

deposits famous in South Africa

Raw Materials

colonial rulers used Africa as a source of _____________ and left the continent largely undeveloped.

(7) crops that grow in Africa south of the sahara

coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, cacao, bananas, peanuts


constant problem for African farmers


In West Africa, wealthy empires emerged by trading ___ for gold.


In 1400's and 1500's _________ began trading with African societies.

Mid 1900's

When most African nations won their independence

Better living conditions

why people are flocking to cities in Africa

Great Rift Valley

a landform that is the result of a steep walled gash in the earth's crust

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