Isolating Clove Oil from Cloves Using Steam Distillation

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Distillation is performed on what type of compounds
Compounds that are not miscible
When distillation is performed on compounds that are not miscible, what is the process called?
Codistillaton
When one of the compounds in codistillaton is water, what is it called?
Water
When two immiscible liquids are distilled, the vapor pressure is based on what function?
Dalton's law
Mathematical expression of Dalton's law
Total Pressure = P⁰₁ + P⁰₂
Why is the mole fraction not included in Dalton's law?
Liquids vaporizes independently
Steam distillation advantages
Volatile compounds that are unstable or have high boiling points can codistill with water at relatively low temperatures. Process avoids decomposition that might occur at normal melting point.
Steam distillation process
Excess water added to the compound of interest in the distilling flask. Mixture is heated to boiling point. Vapor condensed, collected in receiving flask. Separated from water via extraction.
Clove oils belong to what large class of natural products?
Essential oils
Eugenol Structure
Eugenol Acetate Structure
Clove oil consists of what percent eugenol and eugenol acetate?
Eugenol: 85-90%
Eugenol Acetate: 9-10%
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