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APUSH Unit 3 Vocab
Terms in this set (48)
The change which took place over the course of the 19th century from a rural society producing goods by hand,to an urban society mass producing goods by machine.
The evolution from single person to mass transit, including roads, bridges, canals, and railroads.
The change from producing, buying, and selling goods locally to producing, buying, and selling goods nationally.
"Era of Good Feelings"
The period after the War of 1812 when the United States was politically unified under one political party, strengthened the federal government, and solidified its boundaries.
The growing sense of American identity and pride which spread in the years following the War of 1812.
Discrimination or dislike of immigrants.
Popular entertainment where performers dressed up in blackface, and adopted racially exaggerated caricatures.
Influential Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Under him, the court made many pro Federal government and pro business decisions.
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
The case arose out of Jefferson's refusal to deliver the commissions to the judges appointed by Adams' Midnight Appointments. This case established the Supreme Court's right to judicial review.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
This decision upheld the power of Congress to charter a bank as a government agency, and denied the state the power to tax it.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
This decision declared private corporation charters to be contracts and immune form impairment by states' legislative action. It freed corporations from the states which created them.
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
This case ruled that only the federal government has authority over interstate commerce.
Tariff of 1816
Part of Clay's American System, helped American industry by raising the prices of British manufactured goods, which were often cheaper and of higher quality than those produced in the U.S.
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)
B. Set the southern boundary with Spain and gave the United States Florida.
Panic of 1819
A natural postwar depression caused by overproduction and the reduced demand for goods after the war. However, it was generally blamed on the National Bank.
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Admitted Missouri as a slave state and at the same time admitted Maine as a free state. Declared that all territory north of the 36°30" latitude would become free states, and all territory south of that latitude would become slave states.
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
Declared that Europe should not interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere and that any attempt at interference by a European power would be seen as a threat to the U.S.
The "American System"
Henry Clay's proposal to unite the country economically, which included federally funded internal improvements, a 2nd National Bank, and a protective tariff.
Samuel F. B. Morse
Inventor of the telegraph- the first method of near instantaneous long distance communication.
A toll waterway connecting New York to the Great Lakes. Along with the Cumberland Road, it helped connect the North and the West.
A famous inventor, he designed and built America's first steamboat, the Clermont in 1807.
He developed the cotton gin, a machine which could separate cotton form its seeds.
This invention made cotton a profitable crop of great value to the Southern economy. It also reinforced the importance of slavery in the economy of the South.
When he emigrated from England to America in the 1790s, he brought with him the plans to an English factory. With these plans, he helped build the first factory in America.
A factory style method of manufacturing where all the stages of production are housed in one facility.
African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME)
Founded in Philadelphia. It had a large, politically active free Black congregation.
Leader of a slave rebellion in Virginia in 1800. He was captured and hung before the rebellion began.
An African-born Caribbean slave whose planned revolt in South Carolina in 1822 was put down before it begun.
The charge make by Jacksonians in 1825 that Clay had supported John Quincy Adams in the House presidential vote in return for the office of Secretary of State. Clay knew he could not win, so he traded his votes for an office.
Secretary of State under John Q. Adams. He proposed the American System and headed the political group opposed to Jackson.
Tariff of Abomination (1828)
Extremely high protective tariff passed under John Q. Adams, which caused South Carolina to threaten succession.
John C. Calhoun
Senator from South Carolina and Andrew Jackson's Vice President during his first term in office.
Proclamation to the People of SC/ SouthCarolina Exposition and Protest
The winner of the election may do whatever they want with the staff. Associated with Jackson because he made more staff changes than any previous president, firing many people and replacing them with his own.
Peggy Eaton Affair /Petticoat Affair
Social scandal where many cabinet members snubbed the socially unacceptable wife of another cabinet member. Caused many shakeups in Jackson's cabinet.
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Jackson's policy of moving all Native American tribes west of the Mississippi River.
Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
The Supreme Court decided Georgia had no jurisdiction over Cherokee reservations. Georgia refused to enforce decision and President Jackson didn't support the Court.
"Trail of Tears"
The term for the forced removal of the Cherokee tribe from their lands in Northern Georgia.
The idea that a state has the right to declare a federal law unconstitutional, and thus not follow it
Begun over the issue of tariffs, it articulated the doctrines of state sovereignty and union of the peoples.
Second Bank of the U. S.
President of the 2nd Bank of the United States and political enemy of Jackson.
Returned to United States politics as a result of the Corrupt Bargain and Jackson forming the Democratic party.
The state banks into which Jackson put the funds of the 2nd Bank of the United States. Many issued paper currency wildly, leading to heavy land speculation.
Meant to stop land speculation caused by states printing paper money without hard money backing it. It stopped the land speculation and the sale of public lands went down sharply. The panic of 1837 followed.
A term used for slavery in the South.
Leader of a slave rebellion in Virginia which killed over 60 whites. Eventually caught and killed.
Panic of 1837
This ensued after Jackson issued the Specie Circular to force the payment for federal lands with gold or silver State banks and Bank of the U.S. failed, cotton prices fell, businesses went bankrupt, and there was widespread unemployment and distress.