Nutrient Cycles and Climate
Terms in this set (36)
decomposers convert animal/plant waste into ammonia
Agreement among 150 nations requiring developed countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Failed policy because US did not sign.
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere by carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and other gases
Causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemisphere and turn right in the northern hemisphere due to Earth's rotation
exchanged when water changes from one phase to another (solid, liquid, gas), transfers from Earth's surface to the atmosphere
tiny solid particles or liquid droplets that remain suspended in the atmosphere for a long time
A climate event in the eastern Pacific Ocean in which surface waters are colder than normal.
A warm ocean current that flows along the coast of Peru once every seven to fourteen years
decreases intake of CO2 by plants, disrupts photosynthesis and carbon cycle
excessive richness of nutrients in a lake or other body of water, frequently due to runoff from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life and death of animal life from lack of oxygen.
A substance that provides nutrients to help crops grow better
A rapid reaction between oxygen and fuel that results in fire
Nitrate (NO3) is converted to proteins (amino acids) and DNA (nucleic acids) in plants
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particular region
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Process of converting nitrogen gas into nitrogen compounds that plants can absorb and use
ammonia is converted to nitrate ions (NO3-).
Conversion of nitrates into nitrogen gas
An organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
Energy stored in chemical bonds
A natural environment that absorbs and stores more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than it releases, which offsets greenhouse gas emissions.
Process in which a desired metal is separated from the other elements in an ore mineral.
unit of concentration (parts per million)
unit of concentration (parts per billion)
unable to dissolve in water
bat droppings, used as a fertilizer due to a high phosphorus content
water absorbing slowly into the soil
water that is diverted to water bodies due to concrete and asphalt
As the ocean gets warmer, the liquid water molecules spread apart taking up more space
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant