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The Renaissance and Reformation
Terms in this set (47)
The Renaissance began in this section of Europe
The de Medici family was based in this city
What was included as advice in The Prince by Machiavelli
• Avoid being despised at all costs
• Understand how to act differently as the situation
• Better to be feared than loved
What event tied the Renaissance to the Reformation
The construction projects of Rome
Why did Martin Luther oppose the selling of indulgences on religious grounds?
They contradicted the sacraments
Where did Luther stand trial as judged by the German princes?
Who offered shelter and asylum to Luther following his conviction of heresy?
Frederick of Saxony
Calvinism was accepted in small areas seeking political freedom, such as?
What was the motivating factor for Henry VIII of England to issue the Act of Supremacy?
His desire to secure a male heir to the throne
What were some reasons that Spain went to war with England in 1588
• To stop English raids of Spanish shipping
• To punish the English for abandoning Catholicism
• To stop English financial support for the Dutch
• Phillip's perceived role as the "Defender of the Faith"
What year did Spain go to war with England?
What was the basis for the French wars of religion?
The death of all of Henry II's sons ending the Valios line
What event marked the first step to religious toleration in Western Europe?
Peace of Augsburg
What is true of the Medici family?
• They governed the city state of Florence
• They were some of the first patrons of the arts
• They heavily invested in public works projects
What role did Frederick of Saxony play in the Reformation in Germany?
His castle provided protection and sanctuary for Luther
People who believed in Predestination were most likely followers of
The event that acted as a trial accusing Martin Luther of heresy was known as
The Diet of Worms
Although his annulment had created the Church of England, Henry hoped Catholic practices would remain by issuing
The Six Articles
During the Renaissance while French kings were consolidating their authority in the German States
The German princes had complete local control
Which of the following allowed for the corruption of indulgences in Germany?
Indulgence were seen as a way to ease Papal dues by the authorities
What accurately describes the Peasants Revolt?
The attempts by German peasants to undo the hierarichal nobility
Why were the religious protest movements successful at the beginning of the sixteenth century?
It coincided with rapidly increasing literacy rates
Niccolo Machiavelli developed the pragmatic rules for governing in
What was included in the Renaissance Theory of the State?
The potential for personal achievement was recognized as an attainable goal
• States had to have a defined territory
• States were sovereign and equal to one another
• States possessed the ultimate legitimate authority
Who launched the invasion on England in 1588
What building was constructed to showcase the Roman Church's and Rome's grandeur?
St. Peters Basillica
Martin Luther initially crafted the Ninety-Five Thesis to
Criticize the abuses of the Roman Catholic Church
What's Henry VIII's argument in an attempt to gain a divorce from his first wife?
Their marriage was void due to her previous marriage to his brother
This first law of religious toleration that protected the Huguenots was known as
The Edict of Nantes
His famous line "Paris is worth a Mass" was said by who to avoid further religious wars in France?
Henry of Navarre
Which of the following is true of the Council of Trent?
Geographic areas that were Catholic before Trent, remained Catholic
What describes the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre?
The planned assasination of Henry of Navarre at his wedding
France avoided religious turmoil until
The deaths of the heirs of Henry II passed the crown to a Protestant
How would you describe the development that takes place during the Renaissance?
• The potential for personal achievement was
recognized as an attainable goal
• Strict adherence to religious dogma began to fade in favor of an appreciation of reason
• The power of the secular rulers increases due to events such as the Great Schism
Most city-states in Italy during the Renaissance had this type of governmental system
Rule by an elite oligarchy
During the Renaissance French kings were concerned primarily with
Centralizing and increasing the power of the monarchy
The Church's basis for offering salvation through deeds and actions originated
During the crusades
Things concerningHenry VIII's break with the Roman Catholic Church?
• The positions of Henry's advisors often reflected the
degree of personal gain each hoped to attain
• Monasteries, convents and their holdings became the
property of the crown(it was a money grab)
• Henry had hoped that the day to day practices of the Anglican Church would remain Catholic (released the 6 articles)
•The Archbishop of Canterbury's office became the most dominant in Anglican church
This first law of religious toleration gave freedom and civil rights to the Huguenots
Edict of Nantes
What is the name of the late 1500's conflict over succession to the French throne?
War of the Three Henrys
T/F: Typical Italian Renaissance architecture most likely would include domes and columns
T/F: The Peace of Augsburg formally created the Anglican Church in England
False; it was the Act of Supremacy
T/F: Queen Mary attempted to force Protestantism on the English from 1553-1558
Martin Luther formally protests the Catholic Church in
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in France occured in
Spain fails in its attack against England in
The Diet of the worms occurred in
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