27 terms

Executive Branch

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Cabinet
A group of advisers to the president.
Civil Service System
the practice of hiring government workers on the basis of open, competitive examinations and merit
Patronage System
AKA Spoils System. Filling government bureaucracy based on connections & political favors not merit (cronyism); ended by Pendleton Act (1883)
Pocket Veto
A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
Executive Agreement
A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval.
Line Item Veto
Presidential power to strike, or remove, specific items from a spending bill without vetoing the entire package; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
War Powers Act
1973. A resolution of Congress that stated the President can only send troops into action abroad by authorization of Congress or if America is already under attack or serious threat.
State of Union Address
An annual message delivered to Congress by the president of the United States, in which he describes the condition of the country, outlines the nation's most serious problems, and proposes his annual program of legislation.
Office of Management Budget
EOP agency that helps the President prepare annual budget proposal and evaluates budget priorities and effectiveness of federal agencies (oversight)
Executive Office of the President
The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities. Currently the office includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, and several other units.
Federal Regulations
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Veto
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
"Bully Pulpit"
The Presidency is a "bully pulpit" - a good position from which to inspire Congress & the nation, with the help of the media, to follow his political agenda. Example = FDR's fireside chats, Obama's televised State of the Union Address...
Electoral College
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Pardons
freedom from punishment
25th Amendment
Clarifies an ambiguous provision of the Constitution regarding succession to the Presidency, and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President as well as responding to Presidential disabilities.
Independent Regulatory Agency
a government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect the public interest. It also judges disputes over these rules.
Federal Bureaucracy
the thousands of federal government agencies and institutions that implement and administer federal laws and programs
Executive Order
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law
Executive Privilege
An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary.
Inherent Powers
The powers of the national government in foreign affairs that the Supreme Court has declared do not depend on constitutional grants but rather grow out of the very existence of the national government.
Impeach
To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
Chief of Staff
The head of the White House staff.
Head of the White House staff, who has continuous, direct contact with the president.
22nd Amendment
Amendment that created a 2 term limit on presidents.
Evolution of Power
1st: Early Presidents (Washington-Jackson) - Stuck closely to formal constitutional powers, worked closely with congress, Elitist, (until Jackson) no precedents.
2nd: COngressional Dominance (Van Buren-Hoover) Not Lincoln or T. Roosevelt. - Congress begins to reassert power. Unified Congress acted quickly on matters - reduced importance of "Chief Legislature" as most 1800 congresses were "veto proof"
3rd Era: Modern Presidents. - Massive expansion of power (Formal and informal) People associate events with president more now. 11 of 13 presidents have made significant change to the office and country. Modern presidents lead, congress follows suit.
What's different with modern presidents?
INcreased use of the media - requires stronger interaction with people.
Informal Powers
Powers not specifically granted by the constitution.
- Use of Media
- Executive Orders
- Executive Agreements
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