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46 terms

DEP1004 Chaper 9 terms

STUDY
PLAY
Maria's Four Identity Statuses
diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium, achievement
Diffusion
identity status where the individual is overwhelmed by the task of achieving an identity and does little to accomplish the task
Foreclosure
identity status where the individual has a status determined by adults rather than from personal exploration
Moratorium
identity status where the individual is examining different alternatives but has yet to find one that is satisfactory
Achievement
identity status where the individual has explored alternatives and has deliberately chosen a specific identity
Adolescent Egocentrism
self absorption that is characteristic of teenagers as they search for identity.
Adolescent Egocentrism
adolescents are overly concerned with their own thoughts and feelings.
Imaginary Audience
adolescent feeling that they are actors whose performance is watched constantly by their peers
Personal Fable
teenager's tendency to believe that their experience and feelings are unique, that no one has ever felt or thought as they do.
Illusion of Invulnerability
adolescent belief that misfortune only happens to others
Ethnic Identity
feeling a part of an ethic group and learning the special customs and traditions of their group's culture and heritage.
higher
adolescents who have achieved an ethic identity: higher or lower self esteem?
role confusion
according to Erikson, adolescents face a crisis between identity and ________
Foreclosure
The status that would describe an adolescent who has attained an identity based almost entirely on her parents' advice and urging.
Diffusion
A person who has simply put off searching for an identity because it seems too confusing and too overwhelming is in the ______status
Imaginary audience
____refers to the fact that adolescents sometimes believe that their lives are a performance, with their peers watching them constantly.
True
True/False: Adolescents are most likely to achieve an identity when parents encourage them to explore alternative identities but do not pressure them or provide direction
False
true/false: In the second phase of achieving an ethnic identity, adolescents avoid exploring the personal impact of their ethnic roots.
True
True/False: When individual have a strong ethnic identity, their identification with mainstream culture is sometimes strong and sometimes weak, depending on specific circumstances.
Crystallization
when adolescents use their emerging identity as a source of ideas about careers
Specification
when individuals further limit their career possibilities by learning more about specific lines of work and starting to obtain the training required for a specific job.
Implementation
when individuals enter the workforce and learn firsthand about jobs.
Holland
person who developed the Personality-Type Theory
Personality Type Theory
Theory with the following categories: realistic, investigative, social, conventional, enterprising, artistic. Aimed at explaining the match between people and occupations.
Personality Type theory
Holland's theory that people find work fulfilling when the important features of a job or profession fit the worker's personality.
more than 15
number of hours of work per week that students devote less time to homework and are apt to cut classes, get lower grades.
15 or 20
number of hours of work per week that students are likely to experience anxiety and depression and their self-esteem often suffers
stress
the main factors that determine whether teenagers drink include parents, peers and _____
True
True/False: Peers influence teenage smoking indirectly by establishing an informal school norm in which smoking is approved
family processes
The factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency include biology, cognitive processes, ________ and poverty
juvenile delinquency
The factors that contribute to _________include biology, cognitive processes, family processes and poverty
biology
The factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency include _________, cognitive processes, family processes and poverty
cognitive processes
The factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency include biology, ____________, family processes and poverty
family processes
The factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency include biology, cognitive processes, ____________and poverty
Depression
pervasive feelings of sadness, irritability and low self-esteem.
Learned Helplessness
generalized feelings of helplessness and belief that one is always at the mercy of external events, with no ability to control one's own destiny.
Depression
disorder characterized by pervasive feelings of sadness, irritability and low self-esteem.
Norepinephrine and serotonin
neurotransmitter that helps regulate brain centres that allow people to experience pleasure
antidepressant drugs and psychotherapy
two general approaches to treating Depression
Prozac
antidepressant drug designed to reduce depression by increasing levels of serotonin (re-uptake inhibitor)
Juvenile Delinquency
when adolescents commit acts that are illegal as well as destructive towards themselves or others
Status Offenses
delinquent acts that are not crimes if committed by an adult, such as truancy, sexual promiscuity and running away from home
Index Offenses
delinquent acts such as robbery, rape and arson, which are crimes regardless of the age of the perpetrator.
Adolescent-Limited Antisocial Behavior
youth who engage in relatively minor criminal acts that yet aren't consistently antisocial.
Life-Course Persistent Antisocial Behavior
antisocial behavior that emerges at an early age and continues throughout life.
teach more effective social skills
Treatment and Prevention of delinquency: _____________, effective discipline and parenting skills