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Nursing abbreviations and symbols

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&
and
@
at
a
before
aa
of each
abd
abdomen
ac
before meals
ADL
activities of daily living
ad lib
as desired
adm
admitted, admission, administrator
AKA
above the knee amputation
AM
morning
AMA
against medical orders
amb
ambulatory, ambulated
amp
ampule
amt
amount
A-P
anterior-posterior diameter
AP
apical pulse
approx
approximately
ASAP
as soon as possible
ax, A
axillary (armpit)
BE
barium enema
bid
twice daily
BM
bowel movement
BP
blood pressure
BR
bed rest
BRP
bathroom privileges
BS
breath sounds; blood sugar; bed side; bowel sounds
C
centigrade
Ca
calcium
CA, ca
cancer, carcinoma
CAT or CT
computerized axial tomography
cath
catherer
CBC
complete blood count
CBS
chronic brain syndrome
cc
cubic centimeter
CCU
coronary care unit
CHO
carbohydrate
CNS
central nervous system
c/o
complains of
conc
concentrated
cont
continous
C & S
culture and sensitivity
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
CSR
central supply room
Cysto
cystoscopy examination
D5W
dextrose 5% in water
D5NS
dextrose 5% in normal saline
D51/2NS
dextrose 5% in 0.45 normal saline
D5RL
dextrose 5% in Ringer's lactate
DAT
diet as tolerated
dc'd, DC, disc
discontinued
dig
digoxin
DOA
dead on arrival
drsg
dressing
Dx
diagnosis
ECG,EKG
electrocardiogram
ED
emergency department
Fe
iron
Fx
fracture
GB
gallbladder
F
fahrenheit
GI
gastrointestinal
g
gram
GP
general practitioner
gr
grain
gtt
drops
GU
genitourinary
GYN
gynecology
h, hr
hour
hct
hematocrit
Hg
mercury
Hgb, hgb
hemoglobin
H2O
water
ht
height
Hx
history
IM
intramuscular
inc
incontinent, increase
I & O
intake and output
I & O cath
In and out catherization
invol
involuntary
irreg
irregular
irrig
irrigation
IV
intravenous
IVF
intravenous fluids
K
potassium
kg
kilogram
l, L
liter
L, lt
left
lap
laparotomy
LLE
left lower extremity
LOC
level of consciousness
LP
lumbar puncture
LVN
licensed vocational nurse
LUE
left upper extremity
mcg
microgram
m
meter
med
medication, medium
mEq
milliequivalent
mEq/L
milliequivalent per liter
mg
milligram
mid
middle
min
minute
mL, ml
milliliter
mm
millimeter
mod
moderate
MRx1
may repeat times one
N
nitrogen, normal
N/A
not available/applicable
NA
nurses assistant
Na
sodium
NG
nasogastric
NO
nurses order
noc
at night (nocturnal)
NP
nurse practitioner
NPO
nothing by mouth
NS, N/S
normal saline
nsq
not sufficient quantity
N & V
nausea and vomiting
NWB
non weight bearing
0, 0
none
O2
oxygen
OOB
out of bed
OR
operating room
ord
ordered
Ortho
orthopedics
OT
occupational therapy
PR
per or via rectum
p
after
P
pulse
Path
pathology
pc
after meals
PE
physical exam
Ped(s)
pediatrics
per
by or through
peri
perineal, perineum
pH
hydrogen ion concentration
PM
afternoon
PO
phone order
po
by mouth (per os)
post op
post operative(ly)
pre med
pre medication
pre op
pre operative(ly)
prep
preparation
prn
when necessary
prob
problem
psych
psychiatry; psychology psychiatric
pt, Pt
patient
PT
physical therapist
q
every
qid
four times a day
qns
quantity not sufficient
qs
quantity sufficient
R
right; respiration; rectal
RBC, rbc
red blood cells
reg
regular
req
request
R & L
right and left
RLE
right lower extremity
RN
registered nurse
R/O
rule out
ROM
range of motion
RR
respiratory rate
RT
radiation therapy; respiratory therapy; recreational therapy
Rt, rt
right
RUE
right upper extremity
Rx
take, therapy, prescription
SC
subcutaneous
SI
seriously ill
sl
slight
sm
small
SOB
shortness of breath
spec
specimen
SG, SPG, Sp gr
specific gravity
soln
solution
SS
soap solution, soap suds
stat
at once, immediately
Str
straight
sub ling
sublingual
sub q
subcutaneous
susp
suspension
Sx
symptoms
x
times
tab
tablet
TB, TBC
tuberculosis
tbsp
tablespoon
TCDB
turn, cough & deep breath
temp
temperature
tid
three times a day
TKO
to keep open
TO
telephone order
tol
tolerated
TPR
temperature, pulse and respiration
tr
trace
trach
tracheostomy
tsp
teaspoon
Tx
treatment
U/A, UA
urinalysis
URI
upper respiratory infection
UTI
urinary tract infection
vag
vaginal
via
by or through
VS, vs
vital signs
W/A
while awake
WBC
white blood cells
WNL
within normal limits
Wt
weight
x
except
ASHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
Lab
laboratory