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Pg. 136- 145
Terms in this set (34)
what type of religion was Islam, what were followers called, and through who did Allah transmit his words through?
Islam was monotheistic, its followers were called Muslims, and Allah's faithful words were transmitted through Muhammad.
What was the significance of the 5 pillars?
It was a guideline for Islam.
What are the 5 pillars?
1- confession of faith
2- prayer five times a day
3- charity to the needy
4- fasting during the month- long Ramadan
5- pilgrimage to Mecca at least once during one's lifetime
Where was Mohammad raised, and how did that religiously effect him?
Mohammad was raised in the city of Mecca, and it influenced him religiously by exposing many polytheistic religions as he grew up.
In what year did Mohammad leave Mecca with his followers, and where?
In the year 622 C.E Mohammad and his followers left to Medina.
Into what two parts did the religion of Islam split into?
It was divided into the Shia, and Sunni.
Who became caliph after Muhammad died in 632 C.E, and what did he become head of?
Abu Bakr became caliph, and he became head of the state, military commander, chief judge, and a religious leader.
a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided)
Who stopped the movement of the Muslims from reaching Paris?
By which group was the Islamic Empire defeated?
They were defeated by the Mongols.
Even though people had the right to practice whatever religion they wanted to practice who converted many people to follow the Islamic Religion?
What was a positive effect of interaction between people?
It increased trade, and cultural exchange.
What is another name for Qu'ran, and when was it established?
Another name for it would be the Koran, and it was established between 651-652.
Is the killing of an unwanted baby GIRL.
What were women considered?
They were considered to be property.
Where was female infanticide common?
This practice was common in Patriarchal societies.
Who was Mohammad's first wife?
What does it mean to be veiled, and who was veiled out in public?
Being veiled means to wear a head piece, and women had to be veiled out in public.
Who were the Abbasids enemies?
Persians, Europeans, and Byzantine.
What empire did the E. Roman Empire in Constantinople become to be known as?
It was called the Byzantine Empire, and it had a very centralized gov't.
The Byzantine Empire was different from the Roman Empire, but in what ways?
Greek language, architecture had different domes, their culture was similar to eastern cultures like Persia, and they practiced Christianity= Orthodox Christianity.
What happened during the Justinian Period?
The Justinian code was established, and the flow of the arts and sciences occurred.
Who founded the Carolingian Dynasty?
Charles Martel revolted against Muslims in 732, and defeated them in what battle?
Battle of Tours.
Pepin, Charles son certified that the empires legitimacy was based on what?
It was based on the Roman Catholic Church's approval.
Pepin's son Charlemagne established what empire?
Holy Roman Empire.
Western Europe was attacked by two groups who were called:
Vikings( Scandinavia) & Magyars(Hungary)
right of inheritance belongs exclusively to the eldest son
In what country did banking initiate in, and what happened due to its arrival?
Europe, and due to banking towns, and cities started to gain momentum which created the middle class which consisted of urban craftsmen, and merchants.
religious practices or beliefs that do not conform to the traditional church doctrine.
Pope Innocent 3
persecuted Jews, and heretics.
people that disliked the way the church was becoming worldly, and wealthy.
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