DJIIM Final Exam
Terms in this set (67)
What are the levels of COMMAND AUTHORITY?
Provides full authority to organize and employ commands and forces as the combatant commander considers necessary to accomplish assigned missions.
Includes authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations and joint training necessary to accomplish missions assigned to the command
Limited to the detailed direction and control of movements or maneuvers within the OA necessary to accomplish assigned missions or task.
-Established by a command superior commander between subordinates commanders when one organization should aid, protect, complement, or sustain another force.
-Vague, but very flexible arrangement
What do you know about Support Relationships?
-SecDef establishes support relationships between CCDRs
-Supported CCDR has primary responsibility for all aspects of an assigned task. (For accomplishing the operation).
-Supporting CCDR provides forces, assistance, or other resources to a supported CCDR and prepare supporting plans
Transfer of Forces
Only one person can make this happen: SECDEF.
-When transfer of forces to a joint force will be permanent (or for an unknown but long period of time) the forces should be reassigned.
-When transfer of forces to a joint force will be temporary, the forces will be attached to the gaining command, and JFCs, normally through the Service component commander, will exercise OPCON over the attached forces
Administrative Control (ADCON)
Direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations with respect to ADMINISTRATION & SUPPORT.
Permission to get together to coordinate
Direct Liaison Authorized (DIRLAUTH)
-Similar to Coordinating Authority
-Grants a smaller (inferior unit) unit the authorization to coordinate with an authority at a higher level.
-Example given was the area beautification guy at BN coordinating with the NCOIC at DIV.
National Guard & Reserve Forces
-Assigned by SecDef to CCDRs.
-Available for operational missions only when mobilized for specific periods IAW law or ordered to active duty & validated for employment by parent Service.
Meaning of Command & Control (C2)
-Means by which a JFC synchronizes and/or integrates joint force activities in order to achieve unity of command.
•Ties together all operational functions and task, and applies to all levels of war and echelons of command.
C2 Tenets:Clearly Defined Authorities, Roles, and Relationships
-Designation of a JFC (determine the CLEARLY defined authority, role, and command relationship).
•Uncomplicated chain of command
•Subordinate commanders, staff principals, and leaders of C2 nodes understand their -
-Role in decision making and controlling
-Relationship with others
C2 Tenets:Mission Command
-Conduct of MILOPS through decentralized execution based upon mission-types orders.
-Empowers individuals by exploiting human element of joint ops, emphasizing trust, force of will, initiative, judgment, & creativity.
-Focus on purpose for ops vice details in execution.
-Command climate of mutual trust and understanding
C2 Tenets:Information Management & Knowledge Sharing
-INFORMATION IS FACTUAL DATA.
-KNOWLEDGE IS WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH INFORMATION.
C2 Tenets:Communication (Commander's Intent)
-Describes the organization's essential task and purpose
-Clear statement of the action to be taken and the reason for doing so
-Leaves the details of execution to the subordinate
-Encourages initiative at lower levels
C2 Tenets:Timely Decision Making
-Effective COP management
C2 Tenets:Coordination Mechanisms
•Memoranda of understanding
•Exchange and/or liaison officers
•Direct and integrating staffing
•Interoperable communications systems
C2 Tenets:Battle Rhythm Discipline
Stay on Schedule; Battle rhythm must support the Commander's decision cycle
C2 Tenets:Responsive, Dependable, and Interoperable Support Systems
ISR, space-based, and communications system must be responsive and dependable in real time to provide JFC with accurate, timely, relevant, and adequate information
C2 Tenets:Situational Awareness
Knowledge of friendly capabilities and adversary capabilities, intentions, and likely courses of action enables commanders to focus joint efforts where they best and most directly contribute to achieving objectives.
C2 Tenets:Mutual Trust
-Trust among CDRs & staff expands JFC's options and enhances flexibility, agility, and the freedom to take the initiative when conditions warrant.
•Results from honest efforts to learn about & understand the capabilities of each member, demonstrated competence, & planning and training together
Principles for Joint C2
Span of Control
National Military Command System
Provides the means by which the President and the SecDef can receive warning and intelligence so that accurate and timely decisions can be made
Keys to Effective C2
COLLABORATION BETWEEN THE CDR AND STAFF IS ESSENTIAL!
•Collaboration required in forming and articulating commander's intent, determining mission, operational objectives, desired effects, and tasks.
•Requires synchronized execution across all domains and the information environment
•Capabilities that improve long-distance collaboration among dispersed forces can enhance both planning and execution of joint operations.
Intelligence (beyond information)
-Allows anticipation & prediction of future situations
-Illuminates differences in available COAs
-Assess the effects of operations.
Intelligence Disciplines, Subcategories, & Sources
GEOINT -Geospatial Intelligence
HUMINT -Human Intelligence
SIGINT -Signals Intelligence
MASINT -Measurement and Signature Intelligence
OSINT -Open-source Intelligence
TECHINT -Technical Intelligence
Before something becomes "intelligence" it must first be what?
What are the Levels of Intelligence?
fires delivered during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action to produce desired effects in support of a common objective.
Joint Fire Support
joint fires that assist air, land, maritime, and SOF to move, maneuver, and control territory, populations, airspace, and key waters.
Destruction of targets through blast, penetration, and fragmentation.
Minimizes fatalities and permanent injuries, and undesired damage to property and the environment. Smoke and illumination are considered to be non-lethal fires along with those represented in the pictures.
Joint Fires Overview
The foundation of joint fire support is based on generating and maintaining combat power throughout an operation.
Scheme of fires
The scheme of fires is an integral part of the commander's CONOPS. It describes how to coordinate and synchronize the use of tactical, operational, and strategic fires capabilities to create the JFC's desired lethal and nonlethal effects and achieve the desired objectives.
Describes how the actions of the joint force components and supporting organizations will be INTEGRATED, SYNCHRONIZED, and PHASED to accomplish the mission.
United States Marine Corps (USMC) Joint Fires C2
USMC forces may be employed as the joint force land component, as part of the joint force land component; as the joint force maritime component, or as part of the joint force maritime component; or as the joint force air component.
Maritime Operations Center (MOC) Fire Element (FE)
The FE is organized in three operational-level targeting
areas: deliberate targeting, dynamic targeting, and
Joint Air Operations Center (JAOC)
The JAOC is the JFACC's C2 mechanism for planning, directing, and executing joint air operations for assigned or attached air forces.
Integrate and Synchronize Joint Fire Support
Joint fire support planners advise commanders on the best use of available joint fires support, develop joint fire support plans, issue necessary orders in the name of appropriate commanders, and implement approved joint fire support plans for the component or joint force.
Joint Information Operations
The integrated employment, during military operations, of information-related capabilities in concert with other lines of operation to influence, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp the decision-making of adversaries and potential adversaries while protecting our own.
Maneuver is the employment of forces in the operational area through movement in combination with fires to achieve a position of advantage with respect to the enemy.
Strategic maneuver places forces in position to begin phases or major operations of campaign
Operational maneuver takes large forces from a base of operations to an area where they are in position to achieve operational objectives (COG or decisive point).
What are the four steps to the Joint Deployment process?
2. Predeployment Activities
What is the Strategic Mobility Triad?
-Common User Airlift
-Common User Sealift
-Pre Positioned Stocks
Theater Movement Control
Intratheater movement is controlled by the supported GCC
The movement phase of the deployment/redeployment process is divided into three segments:
1. Movement from origin to port of embarkation (POE)
2. POE Operations
3. Movement from the POE to port of debarkation (POD)
Who manages Movement from POE to POD?
Who is in charge of running JRSOI?
What are the segments of JRSOI?
What are the Principles of JRSOI?
Unity of Command
What happens at Reception?
The process of receiving, offloading, marshalling, and transporting of personnel, equipment, and material from strategic and /or intratheater deployment phase to a sea, air, or surface transportation point of debarkation to the marshalling area.
What happens at Staging?
Includes the assembling, temporary holding, and organizing of arriving personnel, equipment, and materiel into units and forces, and preparing them for onward movement and employment by JFC.
What is the purpose of Onward Movement?
•Process of moving forces and sustainment from reception facilities and marshalling or staging areas to tactical assembly areas or other operating areas
•Requires a balanced, integrated system of node operations, movement control, mode operations, and cargo transfer operations
•Complete when force elements are delivered to designated location at designated time
What happens at Integration?
Synchronized transfer of mission-ready forces and capabilities into the CCDR's force.
•Complexity and time required depends on the size, contingency conditions, coordination and planning.
•Complete when receiving commander establishes C2 over arriving unit and the unit is capable of performing its assigned mission.
What's the difference between Logistics and Sustainment?
Logistics is planning and executing the movement and support of forces. (The Process)
Sustainment is the provision of logistics and personnel services required to maintain and prolong operations until successful mission accomplishment.
What are Joint Logistics Imperatives?
Unity of Effort
Joint Logistics Enterprise (JLEnt)Visibility
Rapid & Precise Response
What are subcomponents of JLEnt?
Asset visibility (AV)
In-transit visibility (ITV)
"What is it? Where is it? How and when will it arrive?"
What is Rapid and Precise Response as it relates to JLEnt?
Rapid and precise response is the ability of the core logistic functions, military and commercial, to meet the constantly changing needs of the joint force. The effectiveness of joint logistics can be measured by assessing the following key performance indicators (KPIs).
That form of military science that, by the employment of devices and/or techniques, has as its objective the impairment of the operational effectiveness of enemy activity. See also electronic warfare
Those protective activities required to prevent espionage, sabotage, theft, or unauthorized use of classified or controlled information, systems, or material of the Department of Defense. See also counterintelligence
Efforts to negate, neutralize, diminish the effects of, or gain advantage from a foreign deception operation. Counter deception does not include the intelligence function of identifying foreign deception operations. See also deception.
Counter Propaganda Operations
Those psychological operations activities that identify adversary propaganda, contribute to situational awareness, and serve to expose adversary attempts to influence friendly populations and military forces
Level I threats
Typical Level I threats include enemy agents and terrorists
whose primary missions include espionage, sabotage, assassination, and subversion
Level II threats
include small-scale forces conducting irregular warfare that can pose serious threats to military forces and civilians.
Level III threats
include airborne, heliborne, and amphibious operations; large combined arms ground force operations; and infiltration operations involving large numbers of individuals or small groups infiltrated into the OA,