19 terms

Ecosystems Part 2

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producer
An organism that can make its own food.
consumer
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
decomposer
An organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms
herbivore
A consumer that eats only plants.
carnivore
A consumer that eats only animals.
ocean
A large body of salt water
pond
a natural or artificial still body of fresh (not salt) water
estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt water of the ocean.
seaweed
a plant that grows in the sea
aquatic ecosystem
An ecosystem located in a body of water
ecosystems found in fresh or salt water.
terrestrial ecosystem
System of interactions between organisms on land (forests, meadows, deserts, and more.)
desert biome
a biome that has little or no plant life, long periods without rain, and extreme temperatures; usually found in hot climates
tundra biome
Very low temperatures, very little rainfall, mostly as snow. Very small trees, a few herbs, mosses and lichens.
grassland biome
Low rainfall, warm or hot summers, cold winters. Dominated by grasses and other plants than can withstand grazing.(Savannah, Plains, and Chapparal)
deciduous forest
A biome with four seasons, plants shed leaves in the fall and grow new ones in the spring.
rainforest
Biome with dense, rich forests, BIODIVERSITY (a zillion types) and heavy rainfall

an area of lush vegetation and year-round rainfall
lake
a large body of water surrounded by land
river
A large, flowing body of water that usually empties into a sea or ocean.
endangered animal
This occurs when the environment changes and when their death rate as a species is higher than their birth rate. This makes the danger of becoming extinct happen

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