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Study guide for NCE Exam

Desensitization Imagination Phase:

Desensitization Imagination Phase: Using the SUDS (Subjective Units of Distress Scale) scale, clients rate anxiety from 0 to 100 being the most anxiety. ".

Invevo means

"Real Life" where the client tries to experience real life situation on the hierarchy which is popular for "Behavioral Sex Therapy".

Assertiveness Training:

client learns what assertive vs. non-assertive vs. aggressive behavior in interpersonal relationships

Aversive Conditioning:

the client is exposed to an unpleasant stimulus while engaging in the targeted behavior, the goal being to create an aversion to unpleasant stimulus.

Flooding or Implosive Therapy:

Deliberate Exposure with response prevention for 40-60 minutes

Analytic Psychology (Jung

We all have collective unconscious mind filled with archetypes which are universal symbols with universal meaning for all people.


Personal Unconscious of repressed materials

Social mask hiding feelings

Human psyche consist of persona


male & female, characteristics — Animus and Anima

Personality is androgynous meaning there are two sides to every personality:

Anima—the feminine side Animus—the masculine side personality

The personality continuously changes.

He is the father of individuation which is the driving force for every individual to reach their full potential.

Alferd Adler--Emphasizes social factors

Striving for superiority are the major sources of motivation in humans-not sexual being, inferiority complex, birth order, Lifestyle is a self fulling prophesy based on how we think of ourselves

Jean Piaget Cognitive Development (Epistemology)

nature of knowledge Assimilation learns from existing theme

Accommodation incorporates new information

Occur Simultaneously goaling to balance the two

Sensory motor stage:

0-2 years—sucks, grabs due to reflex, object permanence stage

Preoperational Stage:

: 2-7 years—ego centric, symbolic schema

Concrete Operational Stage

: 7-12 manipulates objects mentally, counts and conserves

Formal Operational Stages:

12 years and above—abstract and hypothetical reasoning, experimentation of problem solving--math

Kolberg's moral stages (preconventional)

: Obedience and Punishment Orientation


: Good Interpersonal Relationships

Post Conventional:

Social Contract and Individual Rights

Heinz dilemma:

Should Heinz have broken into the laboratory to steal the drug for his wife after failing to obtain it legally?

Erick Rrikson (Maturationist--genetically determined

Trust vs. Mistrust; Autonomy vs. shame and doubt; Initiative vs. guilt; Industry vs. inferiority; Identity vs. roles confusion; intimacy vx. isolation; Generativity vs. stagnation; Intergrity vs.despair

Freud wrote "Group Psychology"

Psychosexual stages


Sucking, trends future relationships


Toilet training, anal retentive character


Interest in genitallia, Oedipus complex--involves the child's unconscious desire to posses the opposite sexed parent and to eliminate the same sexed one.


Sexual urges are repressed


Puberty, interested in others


sexual energy




Death wish

Freud wrote: Interpretation of dreams, He is the father of dream analysis

Dreams have two parts: manifest content and latent content

Manifest content

Which is the dream itself

Latent content

Which is the dream interpretation/unconscious symbol.

Dream interpretation is the process

In which the process in which laten is derived from manifest content. Drean work is making the latent known.

Freud's Ego Defense Mechanisms

Keeping the ego from being overwhelmed by distorting reality unconsciously


traumatic memory block


denying reality

Reaction formation

replace an anxiety producing impulse with it's opposite--thief becomes police officer


reverting back to a secure age and place in time


give excuse for negative behavior to be more socially excepted


Blaming someone else


taking feelings out on a safer place—mad at boss—yell at wife


unacceptable urge channeled into an expectable manner "boxing bag"

Freud's Therapy is to give insight to unconscious motivation

REsistance is when one is unwilling to deal with it.

Transference is

when patient reacts to therapist as they would resound to someone in the past

Counter Transference is

when the therapist reacts on unresolved issues

Harry Harlow

Maternal stimulations Monkey study FAP—fixed action pattern

Conrad Lorenz--Imprinting

Imprinting—now or never learn it when child Young ducks—first thing they see they call mom

John Bowlby

Birth order and bonding

Poor bonding leads

to psychopathology

First born

Excel, scholarly, conservative

Only child

do not feel close to their peer but high self esteem

Harry Stack Sullivan

Dynamic Cultural school Analysis

Protactic thinking

is non separate from environment

Parataxic thing

dog barks then it rain then dog caused the rain

Syntaxic thinking

is logical thinking

Margaret Mahler

Mother infant study


2 months to age 3 separation, differentiation, individuation in order to develop own ID called the psychological birth


Altrnate feeling of closeness and the need for independence

F.H. Allport--Social Facilitations

Which means the presents of others improve individual performance, competition improves behavior.

Bogardus Social Distance scale

Rate an individual in regard to their feelings about ethnic groups

Bogardus-Cross Cultural Counseling

with different social/cultural background

Bogardus--Therapeutic Surrender

is to build rapport with a person from different cultures and trust them

Bogardus--Culture is

values, beliefs, attitudes, and customs of a group setting them apart

Frank Parsons--Father of Vocational Guidance

First cross culture counselor

Parson-Universal culture

physical and psychological needs are the same around the world.

Parsons- Ecological culture

people at equator can't dress like north pole people--location impacts behavior.

Leon Festinger--Cognitive dissonance theory

stress that is felt when person has conflicting beliefs


is a person who conform to people or new ideas

Elizabeth Kubler Foss

Stages of grief

Kubler Ross Counseling helps reach acceptance

denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance

Cross Cultural Counseling--Emic viewpoint

When counsleor knows the clients culture

Etic view point

Sees people as more the same and treats them alike

Autoplastic dilemma

Changes self to deal with environment


tries to change the envionment

50% of divorces report hostility

Cross culture counseling

Asians are hard core sciences

but rarely social sciences and are less likely to secure therapy than any other group

Social psychology is the

Study of how though, emotions and behaviors are influenced by the presence of others

Intro to Social Psych: William McDougall which is the father of Hormic Psychology

"Individuals are driven by innate, inherited tendencies"

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