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chp 17 1500-1850

In general, the chief way that European slave traders obtained slaves was by

purchasing them from African rulers or middlemen

James Oglethorpe founded Georgia as a

refuge for English debtors

The "Black Legend"

painted Spanish treatment of Native Americans as unprincipled and inhumane

Who was primarily responsible for the conquest of the Aztecs in the early 16th century?

Hernan Cortez

Creoles were

those born in the New World whose ancestry was European

The economic activity that employed the most people throughout the English

speaking colonies was- agriculture

Peninsulares were

whites born in Spain

All of the following were Spanish viceroyalties in Latin America

New Granada, New Spain, La Plata

During the 16th to 19th centuries, Europeans

exerted political dominance over much of the world

Mercantilism believed

1.the home country and its colonies were to trade exclusively with each other 2. the home country must gain more gold and silver than its rivals 3. that the home country's economy could only grow at the expense of other nations.

Francisco Pizarro was able to conquer the Incas because

he deceived, captured, and killed the Inca emperor

Portuguese colonial holdings in Brazil were different from Spanish colonies in the Americas in all of the following ways

the natives were more nomadic, their colonists felt less resentment toward their government, there was less direct administration from the homeland

English colonies in North America were different from Spanish and Portuguese colonies in Latin America because they

they were more suspicious of royal power and enjoyed more self-government.

Bartolome de Las Casas believed that

conquest was not necessary for the conversion of Native Americans

The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)

divided the seaborne empires of Spain and Portugal

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