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15 terms

The Developement of the Transatlantic Economy

chp 17 1500-1850
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In general, the chief way that European slave traders obtained slaves was by
purchasing them from African rulers or middlemen
James Oglethorpe founded Georgia as a
refuge for English debtors
The "Black Legend"
painted Spanish treatment of Native Americans as unprincipled and inhumane
Who was primarily responsible for the conquest of the Aztecs in the early 16th century?
Hernan Cortez
Creoles were
those born in the New World whose ancestry was European
The economic activity that employed the most people throughout the English
speaking colonies was- agriculture
Peninsulares were
whites born in Spain
All of the following were Spanish viceroyalties in Latin America
New Granada, New Spain, La Plata
During the 16th to 19th centuries, Europeans
exerted political dominance over much of the world
Mercantilism believed
1.the home country and its colonies were to trade exclusively with each other 2. the home country must gain more gold and silver than its rivals 3. that the home country's economy could only grow at the expense of other nations.
Francisco Pizarro was able to conquer the Incas because
he deceived, captured, and killed the Inca emperor
Portuguese colonial holdings in Brazil were different from Spanish colonies in the Americas in all of the following ways
the natives were more nomadic, their colonists felt less resentment toward their government, there was less direct administration from the homeland
English colonies in North America were different from Spanish and Portuguese colonies in Latin America because they
they were more suspicious of royal power and enjoyed more self-government.
Bartolome de Las Casas believed that
conquest was not necessary for the conversion of Native Americans
The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
divided the seaborne empires of Spain and Portugal