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Psychobiology: "Other Terms"

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paralysis
loss of motor ability
anesthesia
loss of sensory ability
paresthesia
distortion of sensory ability; tingling and burning sensations
locomotor ataxia
loss of the ability to walk in a skilled manner, due to the destruction of the gracilis and cuneate tracts; a sensory problem
polio
destroys motor ability; damage to the ventral horn in the spinal cord
bulbar polio
polio at a higher level in the CSN
(bulbar = medulla)
lateral sclerosis
a disease of the lateral corticospinal tract, destroying voluntary movement; a demyelinating disease
Lou Gehrig's Disease
a disease of the lateral corticospinal tract, destroying voluntary movement; a demyelinating disease
multiple sclerosis
a demyelinating disease involving several tracts (sensory and/or motor tracts)
shingles
a disease in the lateral horn of the spinal cord; inflamation of the dorsal root of the nerve; goes from the dorsal root into the lateral horn; characterized by tenderness of the skin and skin eruptions; caused by a virus
Parkinson's Disease
a disorder characterized by muscle tremors that occur when the person attempts to hold his or her hands and head still; it is due to a deficiency of dopamine in the basal ganglia
Alzheimer's Disease
a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by profound personality changes and intellectual impairment, including memory loss (affects the frontal cortex and hippocampus)
tumor
an abnormal proliferation of glial cells and meninges cells
hypocephalus
a blockage of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid
dystrophy
disturbance in the shape and tone of muscle
myasthenia gravis
progressive muscular weakness;lymphocytes attack receptors on muscle cells at the neuromuscular junction; thus, the nerve impulse is blocked