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the fertlle crescent
Chapter 2:The Fertile Crescent-- Prentice Hall World Studies
Terms in this set (41)
Greek for "between the rivers" (Tigris and Euphrates)
region in southwest Asia that was the site of the world's first civilization
city that is also a separate, independent state
belief in many gods
area of many territiories and peoples that is controlled by one government
capital of Babylonia that had great wealth and luxury; center of the Babylonian empire
groups of travelers
an ancient Persian religion
Hammurabi (and his code)
ruled Babylonia from about 1792 to 1750 B.C.E.; creator of the Babylonian empire and the first written code of laws
groups of wedges and lines used to write several languages of the Fertile Crescent
a set of symbols that represent the sounds of a language
a belief in one god
a time when there is so little food that many people starve
to force people to live in another place or country
Israelite leader who lived sometime around 1200 B.C.E.; he is credited with leading the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan
religious teachers who are regarded as speaking for God
the scattering of a group of people who have a common background or beliefs
King Nebuchadnezzar II
Reigned as king when Babylon was the largest city in the world; rebuilt Babylon after it was destroyed by the Assyrians
the great Asian empire founded by Cyrus the Great
Sea-faring empire located on eastern Mediterranean coast; invented the alphabet which used sounds rather than symbols like cuneiform
Empire in Mesopotamia which was formed by Hammurabi
New Babylonian Empire
Empire established by the Chaldeans. King Nebuchadezzar ruled from 605 to 562 B.C; very wealthy
900-612 B.C.E. Assyrians were a warlike people who came into power after the Babylonian Empire. They had a series of kings.
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Rivers that flow mainly through Iraq. Silt form the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers developed the Fertile Crescent, where the worlds 1st farming civilization developed.
The world's first civilization, founded in Mesopotamia, which existed for over 3,000 years.
pictures that stand for words or ideas; picture writing
A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.
Early group of people who lived in lands between Mesopotamia and Egypt. They developed the religion Judaism.
Holy book of Judaism
In the Torah (Jewish Bible) God chose Abraham to be the "father" of the Jewish people. God commanded him to move his people to Canaan.
the land which God promised to His people in the Old Testament; the promised land (now Israel)
This rocky, desert-like region lies between Egypt and Israel; where Moses was given the 10 Commandments by God after the Exodus from Egypt
Ten laws and teachings said to have been given to Moses by God
Israel and Judah
After the death of King Solomon, the Israelite kingdom split into two nations: Judah (north) and Israel (south)
"Departure." Tells how the Israelites were enslaved in Egypt and freed by Moses. Recounts the wandering in the desert for 40 years.
An agreement between God and his people
Messenger of God
Means "dispersal"; the spread of Jewish communities around the world.
A Jewish festival celebrating the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
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