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medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to treat urinary diseases
body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. function= produce and excrete urine
organ of the urinary system that produces urine. it is in the retroperitoneal space, an area behind the peritoneum of the abdomen
large, funnel-shaped cavity within each kidney that collects urine from the major calices and then narrows to become the ureter
network of intertwining capillaries within the glomerular capsule in the nephron. Filtration takes place here.
tubule of the nephron that is u-shaped. Begins at the proximal convoluted tubule and ends at the distal convoluted tubule. Reabsorption takes place here.
proximal convoluted tubule
tubule of the nephron that begins at the glomerular capsule and ends at the nephron loop. Reabsorption takes place here.
tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In women, it is a short tube but, in men, it goes through the prostate gland and down the length of the penis
process in which water, some nutritional substances, and wastes in the blood are all pushed through pores in the capillaries of the glomerulus. The resulting fluid is filtrate
process by which water and nutritional substances in the filtrate move out of the tubule and return to the blood in a nearby capillary
the process of expelling urine from the body. It is also known as voiding, mictuition, or passing water
complication that develops following an acute infection with strptococcal bacteria or with viruses. The kidney becomes inflamed and urine production decreases
enlargement of the kidney due to the pressure from urine that is backed up in the ureter because of an obstructing stone or stricture
polycystic kidney disease
hereditary disease characterized by cysts in the kidney that eventually destroy the nephrons, causing kidney failure
End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
final, irreversible stage of chronic renal failure in which there is little or no remaining kidney function. Treat end-stage reanl failure with dialysis
Culture & Sensitivity (C&S)
puts urine onto culture medium in a petri dish to identify the cause of a UTI
not normally found in urine. produced when the body cannot use (or does not have enough) glucose and instead metabolizes fat
intravenous pyelography (IVP)
procedure that uses x-ray s and radiopaque contrast dye kidney, ureters, bladder (KUB) x-ray - procedure that uses an x-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder done without contrast dye
procedure in which a catheter (flexible tube) is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder to drain the urine
intake & output
nursing procedure that documents the total amount of fluid intake and the total amount of fluid output
procedure that uses a rigid or flexible cytoscope inserted through the urethra in order to examine the bladder
procedure in which a small incision is made in the skin and an endoscope is inserted in a percutaneous approach into the kidney to remove a kidney stone embedded in the renal pelvis or calices
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