ch. 11 vocab

70 terms by mindub

Create a new folder

Like this study set?

Create a free Quizlet account to save it and study later.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to treat urinary diseases

urinary system

body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. function= produce and excrete urine


area at the tip of each renal pyramid. Minor calices take urine to the major calices


area of the bacl (between the ribs and hip bone) that overlies the kidneys


organ of the urinary system that produces urine. it is in the retroperitoneal space, an area behind the peritoneum of the abdomen

renal pelvis

large, funnel-shaped cavity within each kidney that collects urine from the major calices and then narrows to become the ureter

renal pyramid

triangular-shaped areas of tissue in the medulla of the kidney


network of intertwining capillaries within the glomerular capsule in the nephron. Filtration takes place here.


microscopic functional unit of the kidney

nephron loop

tubule of the nephron that is u-shaped. Begins at the proximal convoluted tubule and ends at the distal convoluted tubule. Reabsorption takes place here.

proximal convoluted tubule

tubule of the nephron that begins at the glomerular capsule and ends at the nephron loop. Reabsorption takes place here.


tube that carries urine from the pelvis of the kidney to the bladder


expandable resevoir for storing urine


tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In women, it is a short tube but, in men, it goes through the prostate gland and down the length of the penis


waste product from muscle contractions. It is removed from the blood by the kidneys


process in which water, some nutritional substances, and wastes in the blood are all pushed through pores in the capillaries of the glomerulus. The resulting fluid is filtrate


process by which water and nutritional substances in the filtrate move out of the tubule and return to the blood in a nearby capillary


waste product from protein metabolism. It is removed from the blood by the kidneys


the process of expelling urine from the body. It is also known as voiding, mictuition, or passing water


complication that develops following an acute infection with strptococcal bacteria or with viruses. The kidney becomes inflamed and urine production decreases


enlargement of the kidney due to the pressure from urine that is backed up in the ureter because of an obstructing stone or stricture


kidney stone or calculus formation in the urinary system


is the process of forming stones


general word for any disease of the kidney


abnormally low position of a kidney

polycystic kidney disease

hereditary disease characterized by cysts in the kidney that eventually destroy the nephrons, causing kidney failure


inflammation and infection of the pelves of the kidneys

End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

final, irreversible stage of chronic renal failure in which there is little or no remaining kidney function. Treat end-stage reanl failure with dialysis


inflammation or infection of the bladder

vesicovaginal fistula

formation of an abnormal passageway connecting the bladder to the vagina


inflammation or infection of the urethra


presence of albumin in the urine


absence of urine production by the kidneys because of acute or chronic renal failure.


presence of bacteria in the urine


difficult or painful urination


glucose in the urine


blood in the urine


a decreased amount of potassium in the blood


inability to voluntarily keep urine in the bladder


decreased production of urine due to kidney failure


excessive production of urine due to diabetes mellitus or diabetes insipidus


WBCs in the urine, indicating a UTI

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

general category of an infection anywhere in the urinary tract.

blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

measures the amount of urea. Used to monitor kidney function


measures the amount of creatine. Used to monitor kidney function

Culture & Sensitivity (C&S)

puts urine onto culture medium in a petri dish to identify the cause of a UTI

urinalysis (UA)

describes the characteistics of the urine and detects substances in it


not normally found in urine


not normally found in urine. produced when the body cannot use (or does not have enough) glucose and instead metabolizes fat

specific gravity (SG)

measurement of the concentration of the urine as compared to that of water

intravenous pyelography (IVP)

procedure that uses x-ray s and radiopaque contrast dye kidney, ureters, bladder (KUB) x-ray - procedure that uses an x-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder done without contrast dye


procedure in which a catheter (flexible tube) is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder to drain the urine

foley catheter

indwelling tube that drains urine continuously


procedure to remove waste products from the blood of a patient in renal failure


uses a fistula or a shunt in the patient's arm

peritoneal dialysis

uses a permanent catheter inserted through the abdominal wall

intake & output

nursing procedure that documents the total amount of fluid intake and the total amount of fluid output


procedure to remove the bladder because of bladder cancer


procedure that uses a rigid or flexible cytoscope inserted through the urethra in order to examine the bladder


procedure that uses sound waves to break up a kindney stone


surgical procedure to remove a diseased or cancerous kidney


procedure in which a small incision is made in the skin and an endoscope is inserted in a percutaneous approach into the kidney to remove a kidney stone embedded in the renal pelvis or calices


blood urea nitrogen


culture and sensitivity


end-stage renal disease


intake and output


intravenous pyelography


kidney, ureters, bladder




urinary tract infection

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set