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7 Written questions

6 Multiple choice questions

  1. Straw Man
  2. Ad Hominem
  3. Errors of Composition and Division
  4. Circular Reasoning
  5. Survey Errors
  6. General Lack of Relevant Evidence for the Conclusion

6 True/False questions

  1. Errors can be made when an author improperly equates a percentage with a definite quantity, or vice versa.Numbers and Percentage Errors


  2. When author makes conflicting statements. Ex: "Everyone should join our country club. After all it's an exclusive group that links many influential members of the community"Internal Contradiction


  3. 1) Assuming a causal relationship on the basis of the sequence of events. 2) Assumes that there is a causal relationship when only a temporal relationship exists. 3) Failure to consider an alternate cause of the effect, or an alternate cause for both the cause and effect. 4) Failure to consider that the events might be reversed.Mistaken Cause and Effect


  4. This occurs when the author uses a term in two different ways in the same argument. More or less the author uses one word in two different ways in which the meaning changes. Aka: EquivocateUncertian Use of a Term or Concept


  5. This flaw takes a small number of instances and treats those instances as if they support a broad, sweeping conclusion.Ex: "Two of my friends were shortchanged at that store. Therefore, everyone gets short changed at that store."Exceptional Case/Overgeneralization


  6. The flaw would either be a Mistaken Reversal, or Mistaken Negation. Confusing a Nessesary condition with a Sufficiant condition or vice versa.Errors of Conditional Reasoning