Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
1920- 2 Italian immigrants believed to be anarchists were accused of murder in MA - found guilty, though evidence against them was disputable - executed in 1927- though many believed they were convicted just b/c of pol. Beliefs
Who rallied around Sacco and Bartolomeo? Did it help?
liberals and radicals, no they were still executed
The KKK was anti
foreign, Catholic, black, Jewish, pacifist, Communist, internationalist, revolutionist, bootlegger, gambling, adultery and birth control
Emergency Quota Act of 1921
1921 legislation that limited immigration to 3% of the people of their nationality living in the US in 1910
Immigration Act of 1924
Also known as the Johnson-Reed Act. Federal law limiting the number of immigrants that could be admitted from any country to 2% of the amount of people from that country who were already living in the U.S. as of the census of 1890.
Were was Prohibition popular?
Midwest and South, women and the Women's Christian Temperance Union most people thought it was here to stay
He was a philosopher who believed in "learning by doing" which formed the foundation of progressive education. He believed that the teachers' goal should be "education for life and that the workbench is just as important as the blackboard."
schools no longer prisons
what did the Rockefeller Foundation do?
launched huge health care program that eliminated hookworm in South
Scopes "Monkey Trial"
a high school biology teacher was accused of teaching Darwinism in class instead of the biblical account of creation; the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism
William Jennings Bryan made to sound stupid by Clarence Darrow
trial inconclusive but illustrated rift between new and old
the Churches of Christ show...
increasing number of CHristians reconciling differences between religion and science
What helped prosperity in the 1920s?
tax policies of Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellons which favored expansion of capital envestment
Bruce Barton's THe Man Nobody Knows....
claimed the Jesus was the perfect salesman and all advertisers should follow his technique
Installment plan and credit became
the new way to buy things- dangerous because they could plunge people into debt
KDKA did what for the first time ever?
first voice carrying radio station, told of presidential candidate Warren G. Harding's victory
first full length movie was? what did it glorify?
D. W. Griffith's THe birth of a nation. glorified the KKK in reconstruction era
Fudamentalists lost ground to who? why?
new Modernists who thought that God was a "good guy" and universe was a nice place as opposed to traditional view that man was born a sinner and needed forgiveness through Christ
Sigmund Freud thought sexual repression was responsible for
society's ills and that pleasure and health demnded sexual gratification and liberation
Langston Hughes, the Harlem Renaissan,ce the Weary BLues, Marcus Gravey all did what?
hightened Black pride
F. Scott Fitzgerald
a novelist and chronicler of the jazz age. his wife, zelda and he were the "couple" of the decade but hit bottom during the depression. his noval THE GREAT GATSBY is considered a masterpiece about a gangster's pursuit of an unattainable rich girl.
The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms became voice for lost generartion aka the young folks who had been ruined by the disillusionment of WWI
Solderi's PLay and the Sound of the Fury and As I Lay Dying all stunning use of choppy stream of conciousness teqnique
Secretary of Treasury Mellon reduced..?
the amount of taxes that rich people had to pay, thus thrusting the burden onto the middle class