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obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Terms in this set (15)
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
repeated, intrusive, and unwanted thoughts that cause anxiety, often accompanied by ritualized behaviour to relieve this anxiety
What do children with OCD experience?
time-consuming (taking more than 1 hour a day), and disturbing obsessions and compulsions
persistent and intrusive thoughts, ideas, impulses, or images
what are the most common obsessions in children?
contamination, fears of harm to self or others, or concerns with symmetry and exactness
what are the most common obsessions in adolescence?
sexual, somatic, and religious preoccupations
repetitive, purposeful, and intentional behaviors or mental acts that are performed in response to an obsession
what are the most common compulsions?
multiple compulsions are the norm, the most common being excessive washing and bathing, followed by repeating, checking, touching, counting, hoarding, and ordering or arranging
what is the criteria for the obsessive component of obsessive-compulsive disorder according to the DMV-IV?
1) recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced, at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive and inappropriate and that cause marked anxiety or distress,
2) the thoughts, impulses, or images are not simply excessive worries about real-life problems,
3) the person attempts to ignore or suppress such thoughts, impulses, or images, or to neutralize them with some other thought or action,
4) the person recognizes that the obsessional thoughts, impulses, or images are a product of his or her own mind (not imposed from without as in thought insertion)
what is the criteria for the compulsion component of obsessive-compulsive disorder according to the DMV-IV?
1) repetitive behaviors or mental acts that the person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied rigidly,
2) the behaviors or mental acts are aimed at preventing or reducing distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation; however, these behaviors or mental acts either are not connected in a realistic way with what they are designed to neutralize or prevent or they are clearly excessive
What makes up the DSM-IV criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder other than the O and C?
at some point during the course of the disorder, there person has recognized that the obsession or compulsions are excessive or unreasonable (note: this does not apply to children)
What is the prevalence rate of OCD?
2 to 3% in children and adolescents suggesting it occurs as often in adolescents as adults; clinic-based studies suggest that OCD is about twice as common in boys than in girls (but this hasn't been observed in community samples; this could be due to age and/or referral biases)
What is comorbidity like with OCD?
the most common comorbidities are other anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, and disruptive behavior disorders; substance-use disorders, learning disorders, and eating disorders are also overrepresented in children with OCD, as are vocal and motor tics
what is the mean age of onset for OCD?
9 to 12 years with two peaks, one in early childhood (these tend to have a family history and vague compulsions) and another in early adolescence
at what age do children become aware that their compulsions are abnormal?
around age 8
What type of treatment seems to work for OCD?
medication; its highly resistant to most forms of treatment -frequently chronic
Recommended textbook explanations
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
Arlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins
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