Global 9r review sheet
Terms in this set (42)
is a local ruler of a province
city-state, political unit in Greece
fortified hilltop in an Ancient Greek city
~government ruled by king or queen
~rule is hereditary
~ruled by nobility
~rule is hereditary
~social status & wealth give ruler authority
Oligarchy - (Sparta)
~ruled by a small group of citizens
~rule based on wealth or ability
~ruling group controls military
Democracy - (Athens)
~"government by the people"
~Direct - people vote directly on laws themselves
~Representatives - Representatives vote on laws for the people
peasants in Sparta
Greek foot soldiers
long poems celebrating heroic deeds
~ values of courage and being noble
~ gave young greek boys role models
traditional stories about gods: used to explain nature
~human qualities came from gods
~gods fight and compete with one another
a humorous form of drama that often include a satire and slapstick
a serious form of dram dealing with the down fall pf a heroic or noble character
seized control of government by appealing to common people for support
formation of foot soldiers standing side by side holding spears and shields
Greek King who dies in the battle of Thermopylae
Athenian leader who convinced Athens that they should evacuate city
seeks truth and knowledge
socratic method: poses questions
deemed a threat to society for corrupting youth
set up the Academy
wrote the Republic
ruler should be philosopher king
questioned the nature of the world and of human belief and thought
set up Lyceum (rival to academy)
his work provided bases for scientific method
writer of the TROJAN WAR EPIC
author of the Human Drama
developed geometric theory of how to calculate sides of triangle
accurately estimated value of pi
"father of western medicine"
found a school of medicine
making medicine a profession
How did the Persian Empire successfully govern its territory?
they ruled with tolerance
honored local customs and allowed people to keep religious beliefs
Why were the Phoenicians considered the carriers of civilization?
because they spread ideas throughout the Mediterranean
What did the palace of Knossos tell us about the Minoan culture?
they enjoyed nature, beauty & sports
women held higher roles in society (they participated)
polytheistic with Earth mother and animal sacrifices
How did Greece's geography impact its development?
mountains - city- states, isolation, protection
seas - trade, attack, spread of ideas
rugged land and climate- dry crops, little farmland
Why were epics and myths significant in Greek life and history
it was a way to teach lessons and share ideas
it was a part of greek culture
What caused Persian Wars?
Persia continues to expand and Greece did not ant to be overtaken by Persia
Why were the Greeks successful in Persian Wars?
They were disciplined and had cooperation
They won at thee Battle of Salamis when the Greeks small boat were able to fit through the start and Persian boats were to big and trapped
What is the Delian league?
the alliance of greek city-states that formed to defeat Persians
Athens emerged as the leader
What is the difference between direct democracy and representative democracy?
direct- people vote directly on laws
representative- representatives vote for the people
Why is the age of Pericles a golden age?
democracy was strengthened
there was improvements and discoveries in the arts
and dramas and plays were shown
What was cause of Peloponnesian war
Sparta was angry that Athens was stealing all the money from Delian league and attacked
How did Peloponnesian war impact Greece?
cities and crops destroyed
thousands of greeks killed
weakened economies and militaries of all Greek city states
Why are the columns significant in Greek architecture
represented harmony, order and balance
were included on important buildings
Why is Alexander the Great considered "great"
he introduced hellenistic culture
spread many cultures as he made his conquest
What is Hellenistic Culture? What ideas were spread?
it is a blend of Greek, Persian, Egyptian and Indian culture spread by Alexander the Great
ideas such as laws, customs, the calendar, money
What was the purpose of Ancient Olympics?
Ancient olympics are different from todays olympics because:
the purpose of ancient olympics was to honor the gods
~the ancient olympics were held once a yer
~religion used to be involved in ancient olympics
~only greek citizens competed
~they competed nude
What were Greece's contribution to modern society?
~Mathematics - pythagorean theorem, the rite estimate of pi
~Science - discovered sun was 300 times larger than earth and that planets revolve around sun and the profession of medicine
~Art and Architecture - sculptures to honor gods
Colossus of Rhodes - largest statue made out of bronze
use of columns in building and temples