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Politics of the United States
History Alive Chapter 9: The Constitution
Terms in this set (45)
What is the main job performed by the legislative branch?
to make laws
What does bicameral mean?
having two law-making parts
a two-house Congress
What are proposals for new laws called?
What is the length of a term of office for members of the U.S. House of Representatives?
How old must a person be to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives? To the Senate?
House: 25 years old
Senate: 30 years old
Who has the power to propose a law to raise revenue (a tax law)?
The House of Representatives
What is the length of a term of office for members of the United States Senate?
Who has the power to declare war?
How many members of the Senate and House are there? How many members of Congress?
House: 435 (as of 2015)
Congress: 535 (total as of 2015)
What is the main job performed by the executive branch?
to execute (or carry out) laws
What does the president promise to defend when he takes the oath of office?
What do cabinet members do?
They advise the President and are the heads of executive departments.
What is the length of a term of office for the president of the United States?
4 years; can be re-elected once for another term
How old must one be to hold the office of president of the United States?
35 years old
Who has the power to make treaties with foreign countries?
The President, with the consent of Senate
Who has the power to nominate ambassadors, public ministers, or other officers of the United Sates, such as members of the cabinet?
The President, with the consent of Senate
Who is the commander in chief of the U.S. military forces?
Who has the sole power to try (bring to trial) all impeachments?
The House votes on impeachment
The Senate tries impeachment; 2/3 Congress
Chief Justice presides
What is the main job performed by the judicial branch?
interpret the law
What types of courts make up the judicial branch?
Federal (District & Appellate) and Supreme Court
What is meant by the term "judicial review?"
the power to decide whether legislative/executive actions agree with the Constitution
What is the length of the term of office for justices of the United States Supreme Court?
Most justices serve for life, unless impeached.
Who has the power to resolve issues involving national laws or laws of the United States?
Who has the power to settle disputes between different states?
How many members of the Supreme Court are there?
There are nine justices.
What does the term "checks and balances" mean?
These allow each branch to limit the power of the other branches?
Why did the framers feel the need to include checks and balances in the Constitution?
They felt that the branches would try to increase their power and dominate the others.
What can the legislative branch do if the president vetoes a bill.
Congress can check the President and override the veto with a 2/3 vote.
Who has the power to review all laws and treaties of the United States?
Who must approve all judges, cabinet members, and ambassadors that the president appoints to government positions?
Who must approve any treaties that are made with foreign countries?
Who has the power to veto laws?
What branch of government can check the power of the judiciary branch by exercising the power of impeachment?
The legislative branch can impeach federal judges.
Why did the framers make it possible to change the Constitution?
They felt that the law should belong to the modern norms; "the living and not the dead"
What are two pieces of evidence that prove that amending the Constitution is difficult?
They need a 2/3 vote to be PROPOSED.
Also, they need legislative approval and 3/4 vote through the states to be APPROVED.
Who has the power to propose amendments to the Constitution of the United States?
Congress and state legislatures
Who approves amendments to the Constitution?
3/4 of state legislatures
How many amendments have been made to the Constitution?
Which amendment gave women the right to vote?
Why did the framers create a federal government in which power is shared between the national and state governments?
They wanted a government with a strong, national power, but also individual state power.
What is federalism, and why do you think it caused controversy during our nation's history?
A constitutional system that divided power between national and state governments. It caused controversy on who should set/enforce rules.
Who has the power to print and coin money?
What is the "supreme law of the land" and how does it affect what the states can do?
The Constitution and federal laws; they limit and outweigh state laws and power.
Why do states need to be concerned about laws passed in other states?
The full faith and credit clause says that states need to accept other state laws.
Who decides when the Electoral College casts its vote for president?
During the month of January, which of these actions on the budget is likely to be occurring?
what happens if the prez vetoes the bill?
relative to the 19th century, current american voter turnout is...
What are some reasons for non-voting?
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