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Tenet: Interpreters adhere to standards of confidential communication. GP: Interpreters hold a position of trust in their role as linguistic and cultural facilitators of communication. Confidentiality is highly valued by consumers and is essential to protecting all involved.


Tenet: Interpreters possess the professional skills and knowledge required for the specific interpreting situation. GP: Interpreters are expected to stay abreast of evolving language use and trends in the profession of interpreting as well as in the American Deaf community.


Tenet: Interpreters conduct themselves in a manner appropriate to the specific interpreting situation. GP: Interpreters are expected to present themselves appropriately in demeanor and appearance. They avoid situations that result in conflicting roles or perceived or actual conflicts of interest.


Tenet: Interpreters demonstrate respect for consumers. GP: Interpreters are expected to honor consumer preferences in selection of interpreters and interpreting dynamics, while recognizing the realities of qualifications, availability, and situation.


Tenet: Interpreters demonstrate respect for colleagues, interns and students of the profession. GP: Interpreters are expected to collaborate with colleagues to foster the delivery of effective interpreting services. They also understand that the manner in which they relate to colleagues reflects upon the profession in general.


Tenet: Interpreters maintain ethical business practices. GP: Interpreters are expected to conduct their business in a professional manner whether in private practice or in the employ of an agency or other entity. Professional interpreters are entitled to a living wage based on their qualifications and expertise. Interpreters are also entitled to working conditions conducive to effective service delivery.


Tenet: Interpreters engage in professional development. GP: Interpreters are expected to foster and maintain interpreting competence and the stature of the profession through ongoing development of knowledge and skills.

Which feature is found in ASL but not in English?

Object-verb agreement

From a cultural perspective, what is the core Deaf community most appropriately thought of as?

A linguistic minority group.

Which setting is LEAST likely that a Deaf person would be working as an interpreter?

In a mainstream classroom.

What are most of the content adjustments that interpreters make?

Linguistic or cultural.

Why did mainstreaming become widespread in the U.S.?

Primarily because of the passage of Public Law 94-142.

True or False: Hearing interpreters who are not CODAs can become members of the core Deaf culture by the process of acculturation.


When people adjust their language and the way they talk based on whom they are speaking to, what are they shifting?


What is the one protection available to interpreters from malpractice suits that result from misinterpretations that cause harm?

Liability insurance.

If an interpreter accepts an assignment in another state and a different region, what is NOT appropriate to do?

Use only the accepted regional signs from the interpreter's area.

What is the process of transmitting information from a sign of English-like signing to spoken English called?


What is not included in the theory of interpretation as cultural and linguistic mediation?

Providing Deaf people with adequate language models.

Which organization has as its main objective the providing of information about hearing loss, communication, assistive listening devices, and communication strategies for oral Deaf persons?


What is NOT a dynamic of hearing/Deaf cross-cultural interactions?


What is easier for most spoken languages interpreters to interpret from?

From their B language into their A language.

What is the term that refers to philosophies underlying the education of Deaf and hard-of-hearing students that support communication in any way possible?

Total communication

What is the primary reason hearing people have difficulty becoming fluent in ASL?

It is difficult to gain sufficient exposure to Deaf people using ASL.

What reason would an African-American Deaf person not use Southern Black signs?

He or she attended a mainstreamed school with African-American instructors.

Which of the following is most valued in a low-context culture?


Historically, how has Deaf culture been passed from one generation to another?

Primarily at residential schools.

What is considered a universal form of communication?


What is the best cue that a Deaf audience has failed to comprehend a voice-to-sign interpretation?

Confused copying of a sign

What does Public Law 94-142 mandate?

To the extent possible, Deaf children should be educated in the least restrictive environment.

What has been shown to correlate most highly with the rate of occurrence of interpretation miscues?

Processing time

Deaf audience members leave a lecture understanding all of the facts given by the lecturer. Their impression is that she was ill-prepared and distant, when in fact she was highly prepared and genuinely warm. The interpreter erred in conveying what element of the presentation?


What is the major reason Deaf people value residential schools?

Residential schools are where social identity and language competence are developed.

An interpreter is in a hospital to interpret for a child with injuries consistent with child abuse. On four other occasions, the interpreter has been in other hospitals while the same child was there for similar injuries but with different doctors. What should the interpreter do?

Contact the appropriate authorities.

When is simultaneous interpretation or transliteration most approprate for?

When the interpreter and consumers are familiar with the subject.

Why were systems for manually representing English developed?

Primarily to teach English to Deaf children.

What is the key difference between interpreters and translators?

The source language message is 'permanently available' to translators.

What is the most important way in which interpreting for people who are Deaf/Blind differs from interpreting for people who are Deaf?

With Deaf/Blind persons the interpreter needs to include actual visual information.

What does Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 include?

Qualified disabled individuals cannot be discriminated against by programs receiving federal funding.

What type of signing is similar to ASL?

Gestural/Visual Vernacular.

What should the lighting be during an interpretation for a large audience?

It should come from more than one angle.

What is the interpreter's area of expertise if the interpreter is subpoenaed as an expert witness in court?

Communication issues and cross-cultural mediation.

What organization has the greatest interest in phone relay services.

Telecommunications for the Deaf, Inc.

When is a Deaf relay interpreter most likely to be used?

When the Deaf consumer uses a foreign sign language.

True or false: An effective transliteration may incorporate features of ASL that enhance intelligibility.


What should the intepreter do when interpreting for a live television program?

Offer to provide assistance regarding interpreter placement.

What is the most effective way for interpreters to present complex material?

To interpret in a more consecutive mode.

During a meeting attended by a Deaf person and several hearing persons, two of the hearing participants carry on a private conversation that interferes with the interpreter's ability to continue. What is the most appropriate action for the interpreter to do?

Inform the two hearing persons that the interpreter cannot hear the speaker.

True or False: Interpretation involves competence in at least two languages.


What is the primary reason that a Deaf/Blind consumer would use a combination of communication methods?

To avoid fatigue.

A Deaf consumer who facilitates group discussions often finds it difficult to know when it is appropriate to interject comments. What is the best way for the interpreter to address this concern?

Consult with the Deaf consumer to establish a plan to facilitate participation.

What is the use of hand shapes to represent manner and place of articulation in order to reduce ambuguities in speechreading called?

Cued speech.

To sociolinguists, what is the intimate register of discourse characterized by?

Reliance on information that is left implicit.

What is the process of rendering a message from one written language to another written language called?


When can successful consecutive interpreting be used?

When all parties agree to use this method.

At a small staff meeting where there is one Deaf employee, the Deaf employee signs that he has not completed a work asignment. The interpreter misses the negation and voices that the assignment has been completed. Upon realizing the error, the interpreter voices to the hearing staff that a mistake has been made and corrects the error. What is the more appropriate way to handle this situation?

Inform both the Deaf and hearing participants that an interpreter error was made and correct the error.

True or False: The noun is signed using a smaller double movement in a noun-verb pair in ASL.


What should the interpreter do when called upon to work with a Deaf person with limited language competence?

Have available an array of visual aids.

What is one of the goals of conflict resolution?

To increase sensitivity to similarity and common interests while minimizing differences.

What is most helpful in intepreting complex concepts into ASL?


What is the focus of the cultural/humanistic view of Deaf people?

Person rather than the deafness.

At the end of a medical appointment, a Latino Deaf patient is given a card with the date "9/10/98" for the next scheduled appointment. The interpreter is aware that Latin countries usually write the date as "day/month/year" and that this different notation may lead to confusion. What is the most appropriate way for the interpreter to handle this situation?

Sight interpret the written information.

According to Title IV (Telecommunications) of the ADA, what must telephone companies provide for Deaf individuals?

Both local and long distance relay services 24 hours a day.

What is the term for the use of two languages or of two varieties of the same language in a community in which one has a higher status called?


True or False: An effective English-to-sign interpretation always adapts to audience preference.


How can an interpreter be best prepared for interpreting a lecture?

By learning something about the goal of the speaker.

Since Deaf people tend to share knowledge and experiences that may be unfamiliar to a hearing audience, what should the interpreteter who is working from ASL to English do?

Present a meaningful interpretation of cultural-specific material.

What factor is given the least consideration by sign language transliterators?

Regional dialects.

Approximately what percentage of Deaf and hard-of-hearing children have hearing parents?


The scheduler at an interpreter referral agency needs to book interpreters for three events: a fundraiser for the Gay Men's Health Crisis, a conference on male sexual dysfunction, and the Synod of Catholic Bishops. Which interpreter attribute does not need to be considered: religious, gender, age, or sexual orientation?


What is an English word that approximates the most common meaning of ASL sign called?


What is least indicative of a register: setting, subject matter, interpreter's attire, or speaker's attire?

Speaker's attire

While working, the interpreter is asked by one of the hearing participants how long it took to beome an interpreter. Without responding, the interpreter directs this question to the Deaf person. Which model is the interpreter functioning under?

Conduit model.

What fact about a Deaf person would provide you with the LEAST information about how he or she is likely to sign?

The hearing status of his or her children.

When a message is rendered from English to ASL, what is the most accurate description of the communication process?

Voice-to-sign interpreting.

True or False: Total Communication is a method of oralism used to teach language.


What linguistic feature is found in English but not in ASL?

Gender distinctions in the pronoun system.

True or False: An interpreter can lose their certification if he or she does not join an affiliate chapter.


What was the name of the insurance company that was formed by the Deaf community in 1901?

National Fraternal Society of the Deaf.

True or False: The Tadoma method, palm writing and tactile fingerspelling and signing are methods commonly used for communication with Deaf/Blind people.


At an Individual Education Program (IEP) meeting, a Deaf student becomes upset with proposed goals and objectives that the team is suggesting for her. The Deaf student directs her anger at the interpreter. What is the psychological term for the student's behavior called?


What is the community-based, non-profit organization that works specifically with African-American Deaf persons to advocate their rights?


"Qualified interpreter means an interpreter who is able to interpret effectively, accurately, and impartially, both receptively and expressively, using any necessary specialized vocabulary." Where is this statement contained?

The ADA (regulations).

What does ADA stand for and what year was it passed?

Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990

What are the 3 levels of the NIC

Certified, Advanced, and Mastered


Certificate of Interpretation


Certificate of Transliteration


Oral Transliteration Certificate


Specialist Certificate: Legal


Conditional Legal Interpreting Permit-Relay


Master Comprehensive Skills Certificate


Comprehensive Skills Certificate


Oral Interpreting Certificate


Reverse Skills Certificate

NAD: Level III

National Association of the Deaf - Generalist

NAD: Level IV

National Association of the Deaf - Advanced

NAD: Level V

National Association of the Deaf - Master


Interpretation Certificate


Transliteration Certificate


American Consortium of Certified Interpreters


Specialist Certificate: Performance Arts


Conditional Legal Interpreting Permit


Educational Interpreter Performance Assessment


Continuing Education Units


Certification Maintenance Program


Associate Continuing Education Tracking
-Participation in ACET allows RID to track your completion of CEUs for you.

Who can become an CMP approved sponsor?

The PDC is responsible for approving applications for organizations, agencies, and individuals to become approved sponsors.


Professional Development Committee

What is the approved sponsors role?

To provide appropriate educational opportunities to interpreters. Those opportunities are pre-approved to provide CEUs

When did CMP begin operation?

July 1, 1994

What are the requirements for obtaining CEUs?

All members who are certified interpreters are required to complete 8.0 CEUs (80 contact hours) within four years.
6.0 CEUs must be professional studies content
2.0 CEUs can be general studies


Participant-Initiated Non-RID Activities
Examples: audited college course, organizational conventions, community education, etc.


Conference of Interpreter Trainers-the professional organization of interpreter educators

Mano a Mano

National Organization of interpreters who work in Spanish-Influenced settings


National Alliance of Black Interpreters, INc.


The International Association of Conference Interpreters (the only worldwide association for conference interpreters)


World Association of Sign Language Interpreters


Communication Access Realtime Translation


American Association of the Deaf-Blind


Coalition of Organizations for Accessible Technology


Intertribal Deaf Council (similar to native american organizations)


National Asian Deaf Congress


National Black Deaf Advocates


World Federation of the Deaf


Described and Captioned Media Program-equal access to media. DCMP acts as a captioning info and training center


National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: focused on medical information and research.


Promoting Awareness in Healthcare, Medical and Deaf


National Disability Rights Network


Disabled People's Association

Who is Alice Cogswell

The 9 year old girl neighbor of Gallaudets that inspired Gallaudet to educate deaf people.

Who accompanied Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet back to America?

Laurent Clerc

What year did ASD open?

American School for the Deaf opened in 1817.

In what year, and by whom, was the now Gallaudet University founded?

Thomas Gallaudet's son, Edward founded what was then called "The National Deaf-Mute College" in 1864

National Theatre for the Deaf was established in what year?


Explain what the Milan Conference is and what year it took place.

September 6-11, 1880 an innational conference of Deaf educators was held. A declaration was made that oral education was better than any manual sign language form of education so they outlawed the use of sign language in education.

What year did Deaf President Now take place?

March 1988

What was the name of the hearing president that was forced to resign after DPN and the name of the president who was later welcomed?

Elizabeth A. Zinswer resigned a few days after the protests began and by the end of the week Dr. I. King Jordan became Gallaudet's first Deaf president.

Which tenet address multiple roles in interpreting?

Tenet 3.3 guides interpreters to avoid role conflicts, "avoid performing dual or conflicting roles in multidisciplinary or other settings."

What is the number one determining factor in deciding a team of interpreters is needed?

The difficulty of the assignment

What is RSI?

Repetitive Strain Injury is a stress-related, cumulative type of injury resulting from repetitive movements.

RSIs are also often referred to as what?

cumulative trauma disorder, muscle-skeletal disorder, repetitive motion injuries, tennis elbow, and mouse thumb

The most common early symptoms of RSI for interpreters are what?

Pain, stiffness, numbness, and burning starting in the neck and often going down into the arm and hands.


National Interpreter Education Center

Project TIEM

Hosted by NIEC, project Teaching INterpreting Educators and Mentors provides a list of resources for how to contact a mentor as well as provide support for what that mentorship relationship should look like.

ADA was enacted in which year?


What section of the ADA are interpreters addressed?

Under Title III.V Interpreters are considered a type of auxiliary aid that is required to be provided for communication with any individuals with hearing impairments.


Commission on Collegiate Interpreter Education: was established to promote professionalism by provided accreditation to ITPs


National Consortium of Interpreter Education Centers


American Sign Language Teachers Association


National Testing System (for RID)

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