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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Socialism
  2. Panama Canal
  3. Yamagata Aritomo
  4. Seperate spheres
  5. Otto von Bismarck
  1. a (1815-1898) A brilliant and authoritarian aristocrat, and chancellor (prime minister) of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist who was determined to use Prussian industry and German nationalism to make his state the dominant power in Germany, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire in 1871.
  2. b Ship canal cut across the isthmus of a Latin American country by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1914. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to the host Latin American country on January 1, 2000.
  3. c One of the leaders of the Meiji Restoration. He believed that to be independent, Japan had to define a "sphere of influence" that included Korea, Manchuria, and part of China. He insisted Japan must sustain a vigorous program of military industrialization, culminating in the building of battleships.
  4. d 19th century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have clearly differentiated roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
  5. e A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
  2. A form of iron that is both durable and flexible. It was first mass-produced in the 1860s and quickly became the most widely used metal in construction, machinery, and railroad equipment.
  3. (r. 1805-1849) Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early 19th century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor but had imperial ambitions. His descendants ruled Egypt until overthrown in 1952. He was the successor to Napoleon's rule, headed the strongest state in the Islamic world, and was the first to employ Western methods and technology.
  4. (1807-1882) Italian nationalist and revolutionary who conquered Sicily and Naples and added them to a unified Italy in 1860.
  5. American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb (in 1879 in the US), acoustic recording on was cylinders, and motion pictures.

5 True/False questions

  1. Suez CanalShip canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.

          

  2. MenelikThe indigenous population of New Zealand who practiced hunting, fishing, and simple forms of agriculture, which their Polynesian ancestors had introduced around 1200. Were very vulnerable to unfamiliar diseases brought by the British and died very quickly - quickly outnumbered and dominated by the British settler population.

          

  3. RailroadsNetworks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. The first ______ were built in England in the 1830s. Their success caused a railroad-building boom throughout the world that lasted well into the 20th century.

          

  4. British rajThe rule over much of South Asia between 1765 and 1947 by the East India Company and then by a British government. Its goal was to create a powerful and efficient system of government, backed by military power.

          

  5. Emmeline PankhurstThe leader of the British women's suffrage movement. She frequently called attention to her cause by breaking the law to protect discrimination against women.