5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Suez Canal
- Sepoy Rebellion
- a A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.
- b Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
- c The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against scertain practices that violated religious customs; It was more than a simple mutiny, because it involved more than soldiers, but it was not yet a nationalist revolution, for the rebelt had little sense of a common Indian national identity.
- d A Muslim prince allied to British India; technically, a semi-autonomous deputy of the Mughal emperor
- e (r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal
5 Multiple choice questions
- The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.
- An American navy commander who, on July 8, 1853, became the first foreigner to break through the barriers that had kept Japan isolated from the rest of the world for 250 years. He arrived off the coast of Japan and demanded that Japan open its ports to trade and allow American ships to refuel and take on supplies during their voyages between China and California. He promised to return a year later to recieve the Japanese answer.
- A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
- 19th century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have clearly differentiated roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
- (1884-1885) Meeting that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.
5 True/False questions
Menelik → (1844-1911) Emperor of Ethiopia (r. 1889-1911). He enlarged Ethiopia to its present dimensions and defeated an Italian invasion at Adowa (1896). He bought modern weapons and trained Ethiopians to use these weapons.
Battle of Omdurman → British victory over the Mahdi in the Sudan in 1898. General Kitchener led a mixed force of British and Egyptian troops armed with rapid-firing rifles and machine guns, new and powerful tools of the imperialists.
Great Trek → Between 1836 and 1839 parties of Afrikaners embarked on a ________, leaving British-ruled Cape Colony for the fertile high veld (plateau) to the north that two decades of Zulu wars had depopulated. It laid the foundation of three new settler colonies in Southern Africa.
Muhammad Ali → Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
Tippu Tip → (ca. 1830-1905) A trader from Zanzibar who created the largest personal empire, along the upper Congo River. He was described by European explorers as "a picture of energy and strength", "A remarkable man", etc. He offered the explorers gracious hospitality during their visit. He also composed a detailed memoir of his adventures in the heart of Africa, written in the Swahili language of the coast. He mocked the African people's lack of knowledge of technology.