5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Meiji Restoration
- Otto von Bismarck
- Yamagata Aritomo
- a A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.
- b Africans rescued by Britain's Royal Navy from the illegal slave trade of the 19th century and restored to free status.
- c The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.
- d (1815-1898) A brilliant and authoritarian aristocrat, and chancellor (prime minister) of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist who was determined to use Prussian industry and German nationalism to make his state the dominant power in Germany, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire in 1871.
- e One of the leaders of the Meiji Restoration. He believed that to be independent, Japan had to define a "sphere of influence" that included Korea, Manchuria, and part of China. He insisted Japan must sustain a vigorous program of military industrialization, culminating in the building of battleships.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 19th century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have clearly differentiated roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
- (1772-1833) A Western-educated Bengali froma Brahmin family, a successful administrator for the East India Company, and a student of comparative religion. His Brahmo Samaj (divine society), founded in 1828, attracted Indians who sought to reconcile the values of the West with the religious traditions of India.
- American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb (in 1879 in the US), acoustic recording on was cylinders, and motion pictures.
- The process of reforming political, military, economic, social, and cultural traditions in imitation of the early success of Western societies, often with regard for accommodating local traditions in non-Western societies. Ethiopia and Egypt underwent this process in the very early 1800's.
- A large Muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria. Founded by Usuman dan Fodio, who wanted to reform Muslim practices, and created from the Hausa states. Became centers of Islamic learning and reform, and sold many captives into the slave trade.
5 True/False questions
British raj → (1772-1833) A Western-educated Bengali froma Brahmin family, a successful administrator for the East India Company, and a student of comparative religion. His Brahmo Samaj (divine society), founded in 1828, attracted Indians who sought to reconcile the values of the West with the religious traditions of India.
Muhammad Ali → Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
Suez Canal → Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
Sepoy Rebellion → The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against scertain practices that violated religious customs; It was more than a simple mutiny, because it involved more than soldiers, but it was not yet a nationalist revolution, for the rebelt had little sense of a common Indian national identity.
Emilio Aguinaldo → Networks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. The first ______ were built in England in the 1830s. Their success caused a railroad-building boom throughout the world that lasted well into the 20th century.