5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Great Trek
- Legitimate trade
- a A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
- b Exports from Africa in the 19th century that did not include the newly outlawed slave trade. An example is palm oil.
- c Revolutionaries who wanted to abolish all private property and governments, usually by violence, and replace them with free associations of groups.
- d Between 1836 and 1839 parties of Afrikaners embarked on a ________, leaving British-ruled Cape Colony for the fertile high veld (plateau) to the north that two decades of Zulu wars had depopulated. It laid the foundation of three new settler colonies in Southern Africa.
- e A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.
5 Multiple choice questions
- (1841-1904) British-American explorer of Africa, famous for his expeditions in search of Dr. David Livingstone. He helped King Leopold II establish the Congo Free State.
- Ship canal cut across the isthmus of a Latin American country by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1914. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to the host Latin American country on January 1, 2000.
- An American navy commander who, on July 8, 1853, became the first foreigner to break through the barriers that had kept Japan isolated from the rest of the world for 250 years. He arrived off the coast of Japan and demanded that Japan open its ports to trade and allow American ships to refuel and take on supplies during their voyages between China and California. He promised to return a year later to recieve the Japanese answer.
- (ca. 1830-1905) A trader from Zanzibar who created the largest personal empire, along the upper Congo River. He was described by European explorers as "a picture of energy and strength", "A remarkable man", etc. He offered the explorers gracious hospitality during their visit. He also composed a detailed memoir of his adventures in the heart of Africa, written in the Swahili language of the coast. He mocked the African people's lack of knowledge of technology.
- (1869-1964) Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed because the United States bought the Philippines from Spain and put a stop to the revolution. He was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
5 True/False questions
Muhammad Ali → (r. 1805-1849) Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early 19th century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor but had imperial ambitions. His descendants ruled Egypt until overthrown in 1952. He was the successor to Napoleon's rule, headed the strongest state in the Islamic world, and was the first to employ Western methods and technology.
Meiji Restoration → The process of reforming political, military, economic, social, and cultural traditions in imitation of the early success of Western societies, often with regard for accommodating local traditions in non-Western societies. Ethiopia and Egypt underwent this process in the very early 1800's.
Cecil Rhodes → (1853-1902) British entrepreneur and politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. Founded the De Beers Consolidated, a company that has dominated the world's diamond trade ever since he dominated the Kimberly diamond fields. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him.
Maori → A Muslim prince allied to British India; technically, a semi-autonomous deputy of the Mughal emperor
Ismail → (r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal