5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Karl Marx
- Matthew Perry
- Seperate spheres
- a (1818 - 1883) German journalist and philosopher, founder of a certain branch of socialism. He is known for his two books: Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848) and Das Kapital (Vols. 1-III, 1867 - 1894). Spent most of his life in England and collaborated with another socialist, Friedrich Engels. They combined German philosophy, French revolutionary ideas, and knowledge of British industrial conditions for a call to socialism and communism.
- b An American navy commander who, on July 8, 1853, became the first foreigner to break through the barriers that had kept Japan isolated from the rest of the world for 250 years. He arrived off the coast of Japan and demanded that Japan open its ports to trade and allow American ships to refuel and take on supplies during their voyages between China and California. He promised to return a year later to recieve the Japanese answer.
- c Dutch and French settlers who occupied farms and ranches in the hinterland of the Cape Colony. Despite their European origins, these people thought of themselves as permanent residents of Africa.Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910, imposing a system of racial segregation called apartheid after 1949.
- d 19th century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have clearly differentiated roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
- e A Muslim prince allied to British India; technically, a semi-autonomous deputy of the Mughal emperor
5 Multiple choice questions
- (r. 1818-1828) An upstart military genius who created a powerful African kingdom in 1818 when a serious drought hit the region. Introduced strict military drill and close-combat tactics. Expanded his kingdom by raiding his African neighbors. Although he survived for little more than a decade, he succeeded in creating a new national identity as well as a new kingdom.
- Revolutionaries who wanted to abolish all private property and governments, usually by violence, and replace them with free associations of groups.
- (1853-1902) British entrepreneur and politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. Founded the De Beers Consolidated, a company that has dominated the world's diamond trade ever since he dominated the Kimberly diamond fields. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him.
- The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.
- (ca. 1830-1905) A trader from Zanzibar who created the largest personal empire, along the upper Congo River. He was described by European explorers as "a picture of energy and strength", "A remarkable man", etc. He offered the explorers gracious hospitality during their visit. He also composed a detailed memoir of his adventures in the heart of Africa, written in the Swahili language of the coast. He mocked the African people's lack of knowledge of technology.
5 True/False questions
Free-trade imperialism → A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
Muhammad Ali → Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
Emmeline Pankhurst → A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
Sokoto Caliphate → The reign of Queen Victoria of Great Britain (r. 1837-1901). The term is also used to describe late 19th century society, with its rigid moral standards and sharply differentiated roles for men and women and for middle-class and working-class people.
Berlin Conference → (1884-1885) Meeting that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.