5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Great Trek
- Meiji Restoration
- Free-trade imperialism
- a Between 1836 and 1839 parties of Afrikaners embarked on a ________, leaving British-ruled Cape Colony for the fertile high veld (plateau) to the north that two decades of Zulu wars had depopulated. It laid the foundation of three new settler colonies in Southern Africa.
- b The process of reforming political, military, economic, social, and cultural traditions in imitation of the early success of Western societies, often with regard for accommodating local traditions in non-Western societies. Ethiopia and Egypt underwent this process in the very early 1800's.
- c The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.
- d A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.
- e Economic dominance of a weaker country by a more powerful one, while maintaining the legal independence of the weaker state. In the late nineteenth century, it characterized the relations between the Latin American republics, on the one hand, and Great Britain and the United States, on the other.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A large Muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria. Founded by Usuman dan Fodio, who wanted to reform Muslim practices, and created from the Hausa states. Became centers of Islamic learning and reform, and sold many captives into the slave trade.
- Exports from Africa in the 19th century that did not include the newly outlawed slave trade. An example is palm oil.
- Revolutionaries who wanted to abolish all private property and governments, usually by violence, and replace them with free associations of groups.
- The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against scertain practices that violated religious customs; It was more than a simple mutiny, because it involved more than soldiers, but it was not yet a nationalist revolution, for the rebelt had little sense of a common Indian national identity.
- (1844-1911) Emperor of Ethiopia (r. 1889-1911). He enlarged Ethiopia to its present dimensions and defeated an Italian invasion at Adowa (1896). He bought modern weapons and trained Ethiopians to use these weapons.
5 True/False questions
Liberalism → A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
Ismail → (r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal
Matthew Perry → An American navy commander who, on July 8, 1853, became the first foreigner to break through the barriers that had kept Japan isolated from the rest of the world for 250 years. He arrived off the coast of Japan and demanded that Japan open its ports to trade and allow American ships to refuel and take on supplies during their voyages between China and California. He promised to return a year later to recieve the Japanese answer.
Muhammad Ali → Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
Recaptives → Between 1836 and 1839 parties of Afrikaners embarked on a ________, leaving British-ruled Cape Colony for the fertile high veld (plateau) to the north that two decades of Zulu wars had depopulated. It laid the foundation of three new settler colonies in Southern Africa.