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16 terms

Chp-9 How do people grow,change,develop (1:?)

Terms: Nature-Nurture & Prenatal Development: Conception to birth.
STUDY
PLAY
Development
changes in behavior and/or abilities
Nature-Nurture issue
the degree to which biology or the environmental contributes to one's development.
Nature
Genetics, one's biology
Nurture
total effect of one's environmental events and circumstances that influence your development.
zygote
a fertilized egg
germinal stage
the first stage of prenatal development, from conception to 14 days.
embryonic stage
the second stage of prenatal development, lasting from the 2nd through the 8th week.
fetal stage
the stare of prenatal development from the 9th week through the 9th month
down syndrome
a genetic birth disorder resulting from an extra 21st chromosome, characterized by distinct facial features and greater likelihood of heart defects and mental retardation.
teratogen
an environmental substance that host the potential to arm the developing organism.
sensitive period
in prenatal development, a time when genetic and environmental agents are most likel to cause birth defects.
fetal alcohol syndrome ( FAS)
a birth condition resulting from the mother's chronic use of alcohol during pregnancy, it characterized by facial and limb deformities and mental retardation.
neonate
newborn during the first 28 days of life.
reflex
an automatic response to a specific environmental stimulus
gross motor skills
motor behaviors involving the large muscles of the body
fine motor skills
motor behaviors involving the small muscles of the body.