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Chp 19 1500-1850

Which of the following allowed Europe to move to world domination?

1)Europeans were able to exploit labor and natural resources from the Americas 2) Chinese civil servants opposed modernization 3) Chinese civil servants opposed modernization

The Toleration Act

provided religious toleration for Protestants, but not for Catholics

The people of England readily supported the monarchy of Charles II because of their

dissatisfaction with Cromwell's Puritan republic

Frederick William of Prussia

forged an army which was third or fourth in size and considered the best in quality in Europe

The Puritans were

Calvinists who wanted to purify the Anglican church

Politically, the Glorious Revolution replaced

James II with William and Mary

Which phrase best sums up the spirit of Louis XIV's government?

"I am the state"

All of the following were English colonies in the eighteenth century

India, Newfoundland, Bahamas

The Seven Years' War began in 1756 when

Prussia invaded Saxony

The primary effect of the wars of Louis XIV was

the political and economic exhaustion of France.

What did all the declining powers of Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the Ottoman Empire have in common?

Economic weakness

The League of Augsburg was

a defensive alliance against Louis XIV

In which European nation did the military have a special domination of the government, society, and daily life?


By the mid-eighteenth century, the following major states came to dominate European politics until at least World War I

Great Britain, France, Prussia, Russia, Austria

The "domestic" or "putting out" system involved

the agents of textile merchants who arranged for peasants to spin wool into thread

Pugachev's rebellion

was brutally suppressed by the Russian Tsar

The Industrial Revolution started in Britain for all of the following reasons

1) the lack of internal barriers to trade 2) the political structure was stable 3) the availability of raw materials

Czar Peter the Great of Russia did all the following to make his nation more modern and powerful like the nations of Western Europe

1) he built a strong navy 2) he reorganized his domestic administration on a Swedish model 3) using the Table of Ranks he limited the power of the Russian nobles. 4) he went to Western Europe to inspect and learn about their technology 5) built a new capital at St. Petersburg to show his new Western orientation for Russia

One of the most decisive outcomes of the Seven Years War was the fact that

France was forced out of North America

Who invaded Silesia and upset the Pragmatic Sanction?

Frederick the II of Prussia

The steam engine

became the prime provider of power in every industry and greatly improved transportation

In this period what did "ghettos" normally refer to?

separate communities in cities for Jewish people

Which best explains the growing tension between the aristocracy and the middle class?

the aristocracy refused to share power with the middle class

King Charles I of England lost his head because

he tried to gain absolute power

The Pragmatic Sanction

provided a legal bases for the inheritance of Maria Theresa to the Hapsburg throne

Which of the following best describes the status of the aristocracy in the 18th century?

They had a resurgence of power and the social hierarchy became even more rigid.

The landowning nobility of Prussia was known as

the Junkers

On which of the following did King Louis XIV of France base his royal authority?

The divine right of kings

The ancien regime refers to

social, economic, and political relationships before 1789

The invention that took cotton textile manufacturing out of the home and put it in the factory was called the

water frame

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