30 terms

State Building and Society in Early Modern Europe

Chp 19 1500-1850
Which of the following allowed Europe to move to world domination?
1)Europeans were able to exploit labor and natural resources from the Americas 2) Chinese civil servants opposed modernization 3) Chinese civil servants opposed modernization
The Toleration Act
provided religious toleration for Protestants, but not for Catholics
The people of England readily supported the monarchy of Charles II because of their
dissatisfaction with Cromwell's Puritan republic
Frederick William of Prussia
forged an army which was third or fourth in size and considered the best in quality in Europe
The Puritans were
Calvinists who wanted to purify the Anglican church
Politically, the Glorious Revolution replaced
James II with William and Mary
Which phrase best sums up the spirit of Louis XIV's government?
"I am the state"
All of the following were English colonies in the eighteenth century
India, Newfoundland, Bahamas
The Seven Years' War began in 1756 when
Prussia invaded Saxony
The primary effect of the wars of Louis XIV was
the political and economic exhaustion of France.
What did all the declining powers of Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the Ottoman Empire have in common?
Economic weakness
The League of Augsburg was
a defensive alliance against Louis XIV
In which European nation did the military have a special domination of the government, society, and daily life?
By the mid-eighteenth century, the following major states came to dominate European politics until at least World War I
Great Britain, France, Prussia, Russia, Austria
The "domestic" or "putting out" system involved
the agents of textile merchants who arranged for peasants to spin wool into thread
Pugachev's rebellion
was brutally suppressed by the Russian Tsar
The Industrial Revolution started in Britain for all of the following reasons
1) the lack of internal barriers to trade 2) the political structure was stable 3) the availability of raw materials
Czar Peter the Great of Russia did all the following to make his nation more modern and powerful like the nations of Western Europe
1) he built a strong navy 2) he reorganized his domestic administration on a Swedish model 3) using the Table of Ranks he limited the power of the Russian nobles. 4) he went to Western Europe to inspect and learn about their technology 5) built a new capital at St. Petersburg to show his new Western orientation for Russia
One of the most decisive outcomes of the Seven Years War was the fact that
France was forced out of North America
Who invaded Silesia and upset the Pragmatic Sanction?
Frederick the II of Prussia
The steam engine
became the prime provider of power in every industry and greatly improved transportation
In this period what did "ghettos" normally refer to?
separate communities in cities for Jewish people
Which best explains the growing tension between the aristocracy and the middle class?
the aristocracy refused to share power with the middle class
King Charles I of England lost his head because
he tried to gain absolute power
The Pragmatic Sanction
provided a legal bases for the inheritance of Maria Theresa to the Hapsburg throne
Which of the following best describes the status of the aristocracy in the 18th century?
They had a resurgence of power and the social hierarchy became even more rigid.
The landowning nobility of Prussia was known as
the Junkers
On which of the following did King Louis XIV of France base his royal authority?
The divine right of kings
The ancien regime refers to
social, economic, and political relationships before 1789
The invention that took cotton textile manufacturing out of the home and put it in the factory was called the
water frame