5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Great Purges
- Great Depression in Europe
- a The National Socialist German Workers' Party, the full title of the Nazi Party. The party grew rapidly in support from 1928 onwards, to become the most popular political party in Germany at the time when Hitler came to power.
- b political parties grew more radical, german and u.s were the hardest hit, democracies slowly realize capitalism doesnt work, ccc, americoort.
- c New Economic Policy, (1921) allowed capitalist ventures, state kept control of banks, foreign trade, and large industries, small businesses were allowed to reopen for private profit stopped harassing peasants for grain, and peasants held on to small plots of land and sold surplus
- d Stalin was paranoid that rival party leaders were plotting against him and launched this reign of terror, in which he and the Cheka eliminated old Bolsheviks and other party members. "Show trials" in which Communist leaders (often falsely) confessed to political crimes were held in Moscow. Many purged people were sent into exile or slave labor camps, while 80,000 were executed. The purges replaced the older generation of revolutionaries w/young people who were loyal to Stalin, but weakened the military by purging 90% of its officers
- e (Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
5 Multiple choice questions
- movement born in violence
hate socialism/w.c. movements
cooperate with big businesses
mass rallies and (polit) parties
dynamic leaders-good speakers-can get crowd going
glorification of war
no end goal, just all about power now/always looking at past
- a war hero, was elected to be german president when he was 84 and in poor health. the nazis took full advantage of his old age. He died and was replaced by Hitler, this allowed Hitler to combine the powers of President and Chancellor to proclaim himself the Supreme head of State and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces
- Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
- In 1923 the Nazis attempted to overthrow the government in Munich. It was a total failure, and Hitler received a brief prison sentence during which time he wrote Mein Kampf.
- former close collaborator with Stalin; head of the party in Leningrad, murdered in 1934, his assassination marked the beginning of thousands of arrests and expellment, his death started the Purges
5 True/False questions
Leon Blum → Head of SA, considered by HItler as a potential danger to the Nazi Party, was murdered in the Night of the Long-Knives
Leon Trotsky → Lead the Bolsheviks of Russian along side Lenin. He was a spellbinding revolutionary orator and independent racial Marxist, who brilliantly executed the Bolshevik seizure of power by convincing the Petrograd Soviet to form a special military-revolutionary committee and make him its leader. His soldiers joined with the Bolsheviks to overtake members of the provisional government and win the vote of the Congress of soviets. He was also leader of the Red Army in the civil war.(908,910)
Masaryk → 7 March 1850 - 14 September 1937) was an Austro-Hungarian and Czechoslovak politician, sociologist and philosopher, who as an eager advocate of Czechoslovak independence during World War I became the founder and first President of Czechoslovakia. He originally wished to reform the Habsburg monarchy into a democratic federal state, but during the First World War he began to favour the abolition of the monarchy and, with the help of the Allied Powers, eventually succeeded.
Nazi Economics → PART OF MADISON'S PRESIDENCY
After the war of 1812, a lot went on in American politics: British blockade also forced New England manufacturing to BOOM, banks issued loans like crazy and land owners bought and sold frequently, farmers began to expand and get more land, "Era of Good Feelings" (only because there was just one political party- Republicans)
This all lead to to the Panic of 1819...
Dawes Plan → A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.