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AP US Quiz

Emilio Aguinaldo

Filipino leader of a guerilla war against aMerican rule from 1899 to 1901

John Hay

American secretary of state who attempted to preserve Chinese independence and protect American interests in China; author of Open Door Policy

William Jennings Bryan

Canidate who waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign on the issue of American imperialism in the Philippines

Theodore Roosevelt

Diplomat, moralizer, Big Stick

Philippe Bunau-Varilla

Scheming French engineer who helped stage a revolution in Panama and the became the new country's "instant" foreign minister

Thomas Platt

Politician who successfully schemed to get Theodore Roosevelt out of New York and off to Washington

George Washington Goethals

American engineer who organized the building of the Panama Canal

Portsmouth, New Hampshire

Site of Roosevelt-sponsored neotiations that ended the Russo-Japanese War

San Francisco, California

Place where a local school board;s attempt to segregateJapanese children created an international incident

Algeciras, Spain

Site of a Roosevelt-mediated international conference on Morocco

Open Door Policy

John Hay's clever diplomatic efforts to preserve Chinese territorial integrity and maintain American access to China

Boxer Rebellion

Antiforeign Chinese revolt of 1900 that brought military intervention by Wedtern troops, including americans

"Big Stick"

Proverbial symbol of Roosevelt's belief that presidents should engage in diplomacy but also maintain a strong military readiness to back up their policy; reoresents new power of US

Hay-Pauncefate Treaty

Diplomatic agreement of 1901 that permitted the US to build and fortify a Central American canal alone, without British involvement


Nation whose senate in 1902 refused to ratify a treaty permitting the US to build a canal across its territory

Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty

Agreement between the US and the revolutionary governemnt of Panama granting America the right to build a canal

Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine

Questionable extension of a traditional American policy; declared an America right to intervene in Latin American nations under certain circumstances

Russo-Japanese War

War concluded by Roosevelt meditated treaty that earned Theodore Roosevelt the Nobel Peace Prize but cause much ill will toward America from the two signatories

Gentlemen's Agreement

Diplomatic understanding of 1907-1908 that ended a Japanese-American crisis over treatment of Japanese immigrants to the US

Great White Fleet

Large US naval force sent on a peaceful but highly visible voyage to Japan and elsewhere in 1907

The most immediate consequence of American acquisition of the Philippines was

a guerrilla war between the US and Filipino rebels

In the Open Door Notes, Secretary of State John Hay called on all the imperial powers to

respect Chinese rights and permit economic competition in their spheres of influence

The Boxer Rebellion marked a sharp departure for American foreign policy because

the US had never before sent military forced to intervene on the East Asian mainland

Theodore Roosevelt was nominated as President McKinley's vice-presidential running mate in 1900 because

local political bosses in New York wanted to get Roosevelt out of the state

In the election of 1900, Democrat william Jennings Bryan declared that the key issue was

American imperialism in the Philippines

As president, Theodore Roosevelt gained political strength especially through

his personal popularity with the public and his belief in direct action

Besides Panama, the primary alternative site for a Central American canal was


Roosevelt overcame Colombia's refusal to approve a canal treaty by

encouraging Panamanian rebels to revolt and declare independence from Columbia

The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine declared that

the US has the right to intercene in Latin American countries to maintain financial and political order

Roosevelt's policies in Panama and elsewhere in Latin America led to

resentment and hostility toward American intervention in Latin America

Theodore Roosevelt's slogan that stated his essential foreign policy principle was

"Speak softly and carry a big stick"

Roosevelt mediated the Portsmouth Treaty to settle the war between

Russia and Japan

The diplomatic crisis between the US and Japan in 1906 was caused by

the San Francisco School Board's segregation of Japanese immigrant children

The Gentlemen's Agreement between the US and Japan provided that

the San Francisco schools would integrated in exchange for Japan putting an end to Japanese immigration in America

Roosevelt's Great White Fleet essentialy served as

a demonstration of American naval power in East Asia

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