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35 terms

Chapter 28

AP US Quiz
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Emilio Aguinaldo
Filipino leader of a guerilla war against aMerican rule from 1899 to 1901
John Hay
American secretary of state who attempted to preserve Chinese independence and protect American interests in China; author of Open Door Policy
William Jennings Bryan
Canidate who waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign on the issue of American imperialism in the Philippines
Theodore Roosevelt
Diplomat, moralizer, Big Stick
Philippe Bunau-Varilla
Scheming French engineer who helped stage a revolution in Panama and the became the new country's "instant" foreign minister
Thomas Platt
Politician who successfully schemed to get Theodore Roosevelt out of New York and off to Washington
George Washington Goethals
American engineer who organized the building of the Panama Canal
Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Site of Roosevelt-sponsored neotiations that ended the Russo-Japanese War
San Francisco, California
Place where a local school board;s attempt to segregateJapanese children created an international incident
Algeciras, Spain
Site of a Roosevelt-mediated international conference on Morocco
Open Door Policy
John Hay's clever diplomatic efforts to preserve Chinese territorial integrity and maintain American access to China
Boxer Rebellion
Antiforeign Chinese revolt of 1900 that brought military intervention by Wedtern troops, including americans
"Big Stick"
Proverbial symbol of Roosevelt's belief that presidents should engage in diplomacy but also maintain a strong military readiness to back up their policy; reoresents new power of US
Hay-Pauncefate Treaty
Diplomatic agreement of 1901 that permitted the US to build and fortify a Central American canal alone, without British involvement
Columbia
Nation whose senate in 1902 refused to ratify a treaty permitting the US to build a canal across its territory
Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty
Agreement between the US and the revolutionary governemnt of Panama granting America the right to build a canal
Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine
Questionable extension of a traditional American policy; declared an America right to intervene in Latin American nations under certain circumstances
Russo-Japanese War
War concluded by Roosevelt meditated treaty that earned Theodore Roosevelt the Nobel Peace Prize but cause much ill will toward America from the two signatories
Gentlemen's Agreement
Diplomatic understanding of 1907-1908 that ended a Japanese-American crisis over treatment of Japanese immigrants to the US
Great White Fleet
Large US naval force sent on a peaceful but highly visible voyage to Japan and elsewhere in 1907
The most immediate consequence of American acquisition of the Philippines was
a guerrilla war between the US and Filipino rebels
In the Open Door Notes, Secretary of State John Hay called on all the imperial powers to
respect Chinese rights and permit economic competition in their spheres of influence
The Boxer Rebellion marked a sharp departure for American foreign policy because
the US had never before sent military forced to intervene on the East Asian mainland
Theodore Roosevelt was nominated as President McKinley's vice-presidential running mate in 1900 because
local political bosses in New York wanted to get Roosevelt out of the state
In the election of 1900, Democrat william Jennings Bryan declared that the key issue was
American imperialism in the Philippines
As president, Theodore Roosevelt gained political strength especially through
his personal popularity with the public and his belief in direct action
Besides Panama, the primary alternative site for a Central American canal was
Nicaragua
Roosevelt overcame Colombia's refusal to approve a canal treaty by
encouraging Panamanian rebels to revolt and declare independence from Columbia
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine declared that
the US has the right to intercene in Latin American countries to maintain financial and political order
Roosevelt's policies in Panama and elsewhere in Latin America led to
resentment and hostility toward American intervention in Latin America
Theodore Roosevelt's slogan that stated his essential foreign policy principle was
"Speak softly and carry a big stick"
Roosevelt mediated the Portsmouth Treaty to settle the war between
Russia and Japan
The diplomatic crisis between the US and Japan in 1906 was caused by
the San Francisco School Board's segregation of Japanese immigrant children
The Gentlemen's Agreement between the US and Japan provided that
the San Francisco schools would integrated in exchange for Japan putting an end to Japanese immigration in America
Roosevelt's Great White Fleet essentialy served as
a demonstration of American naval power in East Asia