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17 terms

Figurative Language & Poems

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figurative language
a tool that an author uses to help the reader visualize what is happening in a story or poem
simile
a comparison using like or as, usually compares two dissimilar objects
metaphor
states that one thing is something else, comparison that does not use like or as to make the comparison
onomatopoeia
imitation of natural sounds in word form, they help form mental pictures about the things, people, or places described
idiom
an expression that has meaning apart from the meaning of its individual words, literal meaning is different than how we interpret it
alliteration
the repetition of the initial consonant, at least two in a row
personification
giving human qualities, feelings, actions, or characteristics to inanimate objects
hyperbole
often confused with a simile or metaphor because it often compares two objects, the difference is it is an exaggeration
imagery
involves one or more of your five senses, the use of vivid language usually rich in sensory words to create pictures or images in the readers mind
irony
saying one thing by the meaning opposites, usually expressed in positive words but does blame, can be an event or situation in which the result is the opposite of the expected
Narrative Poem
tells a story, can be real or fictional, also can be about famous, can rhyme or free verse
Free Verse
no strict verse pattern and does not rhyme, can express feelings, emotions, and ideas into an imaginative way
limerick
five line poem, the first , second, and fifth rhyme and have three beats to rhythm, the third and forth rhyme and have 2 beats to rhythm- often silly and humorous
lyric poetry
like songs and have a musical quality about them- can rhyme or be in free verse
cinquain poem
poem with five lines-usually has a surprise at the last line- have 2 different patterns
1- number of words per line (word pattern)
2- number of syllables per line ( syllable pattern)
haiku
categorized by language, content and form, usually about nature- there are two different forms
1-(English) 5/7/5 syllables
2- (Japanese) 17 syllables
diamante
arranged in a diamond shape, each line has a specific word pattern to follow- there are seven lines in a diamante poem