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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
U.S. History 3rd nine weeks exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (50)
Election of 1800
Jefferson and Burr each received 73 votes in the Electoral College, so the House of Representatives had to decide the outcome. The House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President.
Jefferson's thoughts on Federal Government
Jefferson was a proponent of states rights and believed in laissez-faire.
Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million. The U.S. doubled in size. The French needed the money anyway, since they were involved in a war, so they easily sold the territory to the U.S.
signed by Thomas Jefferson in 1807 - stop export of all American goods and American ships from sailing for foreign ports.
War of 1812
A war (1812-1814) between the United States and England which was trying to interfere with American trade with France.
Beginning in 1804, electors would vote separately for President and Vice President.
French ruler who acquired Louisiana from Spain only to sell it to the United States.
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
The right to sail the seas and not take sides in a war.
Oliver Hazard Perry
United States commodore who led the fleet that defeated the British on Lake Erie during the War of 1812.
A famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement (1768-1813).
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
An economic regime pioneered by Henry Clay which created a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building. This approach was intended to allow the United States to grow and prosper by themselves This would eventually help America industrialize and become an economic power.
Sections of a waterway with closed gates where water levels are raised or lowered.
The practical application of science to commerce or industry.
An American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers.
1817; The US and British agreed to set limits on the number of naval vessels each could have on the Great Lakes.
Practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs.
An agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories.
Indian Removal Act/ Trail of Tears
The Indian removal act was when President Andrew Jackson made native Americans move out of their territory. The Cherokee Indians were forced to walk for days to reach their new territory many natives died on the trail.
John C. Calhoun declared states had a right to nullify. South Carolina declared Nullification Act, stating both tariffs were unconstitutional and therefore illegal.
Secretary of Treasury under James Monroe Presidency; and a candidate for Presidency in 1824 he represented the South in this election.
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852).
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
Withdraw from an organization or communion.
Elected Vice President and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died 1841-1845, President responsible for annexation of Mexico after receiving mandate from Polk, opposed many parts of the Whig program for economic recovery.
William Henry Harrison
9th President of the United States. Governor of the Indiana territory, that fought against Tecumseh and the Prophet in the battle of Tippecanoe
John Quincy Adams(Election of 1824)
Three candidates (Adams & Clay, Jackson) Jackson wins popular vote, no majority, taken to house where insiders have advantage, and Adams wins. Adams has unhappy term-out of touch with common man.
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional.
Supporters of the stronger central govt. who advocated the ratification of the new Constitution.
Cherokee in Georgia
Had their treaty rights ignored when settlers discovered gold there the Indians refused to move and the state militia attacked them.
Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876).
Party that favored a national bank, protective tariffs and eventually the abolition of slavery. Their campaign slogan was ''Tippecanoe and Tyler Too''.
An overwhelming victory.
Martin Van Buren
Served as secretary of state during Andrew Jackson's first term, vice president during Jackson's second term, and won the presidency in 1836. 8th president of U.S.
To formally bring into office at the beginning of a term.
Bill that says Congress is authorized to use the military against belligerent states. Is nullified by South Carolina.
An 1819 agreement in which Spain gave over control of the territory of Florida to the United States.
Famous native-American chief of the Seminole tribe in Florida. American soldiers could not capture him until he was tricked into surrendering. Died in prison from malaria. Even the whites were upset about the trickery used to capture him.
Territory of Oregon, Washington, and portions of what became British Columbia, Canada; land claimed by both U.S. and Britain and held jointly under the Convention of 1818.
The possession and settling of an area shared by two or more countries.
United States frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo (1786-1836).
People who take the law into their own hands.
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to shining sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
Battle of San Jacinto
(1836) Final battle of the Texas Revolution; resulted in the defeat of the Mexican army and independence for Texas.
Leader of the Mormons who decided to move the group west to Utah.
Gates set across a road to prevent passage until a toll had been paid.
American adventurers and fur trappers who spent most of their time in the Rocky Mountains.
Gold Rush/California's Statehood
The Gold Rush was a huge bonanza that caused a migration of many to the areas in and around California causing the population to skyrocket. California applied for statehood in March of 1850 but had to wait six months because a compromise had to be worked out.
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