Create an account
Characteristics of a eukaryote
has a nucleus, has membrane bound organelles, larger than a prokaryote, more complex than a prokaryote, may be single celled or multi celled.
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics
This says that all living things are made of cells, that cells are the basic unit of structure and function and that cells only come from other cells.
function of the cell membrane?
it protects the cell, it supports the cell (helps provide shape), it holds the cell together, and most importantly it controls what enters & leaves the cell.
what structures do prokaryotic cells contain?
pili, peptidoglycan, nucleoid, and small loops of DNA called plastids (not to be confused with the membrane bound organelles found in plant cells also called plastids).
what are pili?
Pili are short extentions of the cell membrane that allow bacteria cells to stick to surfaces and even to other cells.
what is peptidoglycan?
Peptidoglycan is a carbohydrate found between the cell wall and the cell membrane of some prokaryotes. This layer of peptidoglycan gives the cell extra protection from things that might harm the cell.
what is a nucleoid?
Since prokaryotes lack a nucleus, microbiologists use the term "nucleoid" to refer to the area around the DNA.
what is plastids?
Plastids are used during conjugation (a type of sexual reproduction) of bacteria cells.
what cellular structures are in both , eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?
cilia, flagella, and cell walls
what do cilia or flagella do ?
Both cilia and flagella function in movement. They may either move the cell or move something across the surface of the cell. Both may be used for movement or for feeding, depending on the organism. Cilia are short, hairlike projections and usually form long rows along some or all of a cell's suface. Flagella are long, whiplike projections and may be found alone or in small groups on the surface of some cells.
what are cell walls?
The cell wall provides support and extra protection to cells that have this structure.
3 organelles that are in plant cells but not animal cells
chloroplasts, cell walls, and central vacuoles. The chloroplasts are responsible for performing photosynthesis. This process uses carbon dioxide and water to create organic molecules that provide energy for the cell. The central vacuole is often the largest organelle in the plant cell. It is filled with water and may contain waste waiting to be removed from the cell.
function of mitochondria?
convert the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
straight, hollow tubes of proteins that give rigidity, shape, and organization to a cell
what is homeostasis?
The process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment.
what is diffusion?
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
what is osmosis?
The movement of water from a region of low solute concentration to high solute concentration.
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
process of respiration
the fuel (such as glucose) is oxidized (loses H atoms and electrons) and oxygen is reduced (gains H atoms and electrons)
adenosine diphosphate; molecule that ATP becomes when it gives up one of its three phosphate groups
Molecules move from areas of low concentration to areas of high concentration through the process of ?
statement describes a cell after it has been placed in a sugar solution
it is larger because sugar entered the cell by diffusion
A red blood cell placed in a hypertonic solution will
(hyper)tonic = shrink
(iso)tonic= no changes
A pouch of syrup is placed in a container of water. The pouch is permeable to water, but impermeable to syrup. The movement of particles across the membrane is the result of
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together