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Terms in this set (35)
a body of land with water on three sides
a settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties with its homeland.
the early Greek city-state; made up a city and the surrounding countryside and run like an independent country.
in early Greek city-states, an open area that served as both a market and a meeting place.
a person who takes power by force and rules with total authority.
a government in which a small group of people hold power.
a government in which all citizens share in running the government.
a person who was conquered and enslaved by the ancient Spartans.
the 20 states or provinces into which Darius divided the Persian Empire.
an official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius.
Persian religion; taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right & wrong, that goodness would triumph in the end.
a system of government in which people gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters.
a system of government in which citizens choose a smaller group to make laws and government decisions on their behalf
a thinker who seeks wisdom and ponders questions about life.
a Mycenaean king who used trickery to win the Trojan War.
a noble who passed popular reforms in favor of the common people; cancelled the farmer's debts and freed the slaves.
a tyrant who seized control of power in 560 B.C.; won support of the poor by dividing large estates among landless farmers; also loaned money and gave jobs.
came to power in 508 B.C.; credited with making the government of Athens a democracy.
Cyrus the Great
united the Persians into a powerful kingdom; treated people well; captured large areas of land for Persia; 559-530 B.C.
reorganized the government; 521 B.C.; divided the empire into 20 provinces (satrapies).
son of Darius; launched a new invasion of Greece in 480 B.C.
an Athenian general during the Persian Wars; came up with a plan to fight the Persians.
general & statesman; guided Athens for more than 30 years; made Athens more democratic; allowed more people to participate in government by paying them.
one of the few women in Athens who was well-known for her writings and public speaking; her work was important to Plato & Pericles.
Greek island southeast of the mainland in the southern Aegean Sea.
ancient city in Greece; found first Greek kings here; people came from central Asia.
a peninsula in southern Greece.
city in ancient Greece; focused on their military strength.
capital of Greece; an ancient city-state; had a great naval fleet; democracy began here.
the conventional European designation of the country now known as Iran.
village in ancient Greece northeast of Athens; a major battle was fought there and won by the Greeks; we get the name for one of our races from this event.
mountain pass in ancient Greece; the Greeks decided this was the best place to block the Persians.
island in eastern Greece in the Gulf of Saronikos.
ancient city of Greece
Greek island in the southern Aegean Sea.
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