English literary terms

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Rhyming couplet:
two lines that rhyme
Heroic couplet:
two lines that rhyme and have iambic pentameter
Iambic pentameter:
a particular rhythm
Imagery:
lots of descriptive words: paints a picture in your head
Rhyme scheme:
the pattern of a rhyme
Blank verse:
has rhythm but no rhyme: the chorus
Rhythm:
doesn't have to repeat- less formal: cant tell that it repeats
Meter:
repetition of a specific rhythm
Octave:
group of 8 lines
Sestet:
group of 6 lines
Quatrain:
group of 4 lines
Shakespeare Sonnet/ English Sonnet:
A B A B C D C D E F E F GG
-Harder to find the Volta
Petrarchan/Italian Sonnet:
You can separate the Octave from the Sestet; Octave: description and Sestet: is opposite or more in depth description.
A B B A A B B A and C D E C D E or C D C D C D
Volta:
the place within a sonnet in which the argument shifts-- last line of the octave preps for sestet
Or the first line of sestet and comes in like bam
Ex: if thou wilt leave me, do not leave me last-- sonnet 90
Prose:
screen plays, scripts, fiction, non-fiction; anything that is not poetry
Antithesis:
The opposite of what your talking about or your idea: language--illiteracy. Found in the structure of sentences or arguments ex: Friar, Romeo, Capulet monologues. Ex. The all seeing sun never saw her match since first the world begun.
Ex: It was the best of times, It was the worst of times
Ex: hate can not drive out hate, only love can do that
Allusion:
a reference in one text to another story ex. Classical illusions-- stories from Greek and Roman mythology or the bible ex. Cupid's arrow
Oxymoron:
two words next to each other that are opposites. Ex. Bittersweet, pain of love
Personification:
giving inanimate objects qualities of being alive
Hyperbole:
exaggeration
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