19 terms

Business Law - Civil vs. Criminal

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appeal
(law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial
acquittal
a judgment of not guilty
admissable
able to be sent as truthful evidence
arraignment
a legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment
bail
the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)
capital offense
a crime so serious that capital punishment is considered appropriate
conviction
(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed
felony
a serious crime (such as murder or arson)
grand jury
a jury to inquire in accusations of crime and to evaluate the grounds for indictments
jury
a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
jurisdiction
(law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law
misdemeanor
a crime less serious than a felony
plea
a humble request for help from someone in authority
sentence
(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed
settlement
a conclusive resolution of a matter and disposition of it
standard of proof
the level of certainty and the degree of evidence necessary to establish proof in a criminal or civil proceeding
subpoena
a writ issued by court authority to compel the attendance of a witness at a judicial proceeding
tort
(law) any wrongdoing for which an action for damages may be brought
warrant
a writ from a court commanding police to perform specified acts