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(law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial


a judgment of not guilty


able to be sent as truthful evidence


a legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment


the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)

capital offense

a crime so serious that capital punishment is considered appropriate


(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed


a serious crime (such as murder or arson)

grand jury

a jury to inquire in accusations of crime and to evaluate the grounds for indictments


a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law


(law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law


a crime less serious than a felony


a humble request for help from someone in authority


(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed


a conclusive resolution of a matter and disposition of it

standard of proof

the level of certainty and the degree of evidence necessary to establish proof in a criminal or civil proceeding


a writ issued by court authority to compel the attendance of a witness at a judicial proceeding


(law) any wrongdoing for which an action for damages may be brought


a writ from a court commanding police to perform specified acts

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