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18 terms

Ch. 4 physics vocabulary Cameron

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Element
Pure substance can't be separated into simpler substances by physical or chemical means
Pure substance
Only one type of particle
Physical properties
Boiling point, melting point, density
chemical properties
Reactivity with acids
Metals
Shiney, good conductor, Malleable, ductile
Nonmetals
Dull, poor conductor, non malleable
Metalliods
Both properties of metals and nonmetals
Compound
Pure substance composed of 2 or more elements chemically combined (MUST be chemical)
Compound properties
Each has a unique set of properties
Mixture
Combination of 2 or more substances that are PHYSICALLY combined, keep original properties
Solution
Mixture that appears to be a single substance but is composed of particles of 2 or more substances that are evenly distributed among each other
Concentration
Measure of the amount of solute dissolved in a solvent
Solute
Substanced that's dissolved
Solvent
Substanced that the solute is dissolved in
Saturate
Solution that contains all the solute it can hold at a given temperature
Dilute
Not enough solute
Suspensions
Mixture in which particles of a material are dispersed throughout a liquid and gas *are large enough to settle out
Colloids
Mixture which the particles of a material *aren't large enough to settle out