Earth, Moon, and Sun/Seasons
Terms in this set (30)
The action of turning around an axis or center
Example of rotation
The earth spinning (rotating) on its axis once a day
Diagram of rotation
Time Earth take to complete of rotation
It takes 24 hours
What rotation causes
It causes us to experience day and night
The action of the earth revolving around the Sun once a year.
Example of revolution
The movement of Earth (revolving) around the Sun.
Diagram of revolution
Time it takes Earth to complete one revolution
365.25 days (one year)
What revolution causes
Causes us to have seasons and the temperatures.
the solstice at midwinter, at the time of the shortest day, about 22 December in the northern hemisphere and 21 June in the southern hemisphere. December 21 is the shortest day of the year.
Diagram of winter solstice
the solstice at midsummer, at the time of the longest day, about 21 June in the northern hemisphere and 22 December in the southern hemisphere. June 21 is the longest day in the year.
Diagram of summer solstice
When the Sun shines equally on the southern and northern hemispheres and is directly overhead at noon on the equator. All locations on Earth experience equal hours of daylight and night (12 hours everywhere). Seasons change from summer to winter.
Diagram of Fall equinox
The Sun shines equally on the southern and northern hemispheres and is directly overhead at noon on the equator. All locations on Earth experience equal hours of daylight and night (12 hours everywhere). Seasons change from winter to summer.
Diagram of Spring Equinox
Areas of direct sunlight
Areas of indirect sunlight
Winter, Spring, and Fall
Length of day/night- Spring
Length of day/night- Fall
Length of day/night- Summer
More than 12 hours
Length of day/night- Winter
Less than 12 hours
Tilt of Earth's axis
Direction axis points
Northern Hemisphere- Summer
This hemisphere faces the sun while the Southern Hemisphere is having winter
Northern Hemisphere- Spring
Both hemispheres are facing the Sun equally
Northern Hemisphere- Fall
Both hemispheres are facing the sun equally
Northern Hemisphere- Winter
The hemisphere is facing away from the Sun, has indirect sunlight, and is happening while the Southern Hemisphere experiences summer.