The Boers and Britisth had been fighting over S. Africa since the Britisth gained a foothold in 1815. After the British bothered the Boers about slavery, the Boers migrated away (Great Trek 1837-44) and formed separate nations. They discovered diamonds and gold in their nations 1844, so Cecil Rhodes, a British guy, attempted to overthrow their government to gain access to the riches with the Jameson Raid in 1896. However, the Boers won, and to make matters worse, Wilhelm II sent the Kruger Telegram to the Boers saying congratulations for beating the British. The War started in 1899 (-1902), with guerilla warfare-the Boers used farms to hide and get food, etc., but the British realized this and clustered the Boer farmers in concentration camps. It was whites v. whites, and was unpopular in Europe. While the British won, they allowed the Boers to continue racist policies and help rule.