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35 terms

mis2223 chap 8, 9, 10

STUDY
PLAY
a ____ boot properly closes any running processes and programs
warm
compressed files, sometimes called zipped files, usually have a ______ extension
.zip
while entering your ______, most computers hide the characters by displaying some other characters such as *** or dots
password
____is an open source multitasking operating system designed for smart phones
symbian OS
two types of system software are ________
operating system and utility program
a ______ program is one that runs the same on multiple operating systems
cross platform
with windows, a warm boot can be performed by ______
start menu, shut down then restart
a ______ is a type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance type tasks, usually related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs
utility program
in a _____ a user types commands or presses special keys on the keyboard (such as function keys or key combinations) to enter data and instructions
command line interface (CLI)
screen savers originally were developed to prevent a problem called _____, in which images could be permanently etched on a monitors screen
ghosting
_____ a disk, or reorganizing it so the files are stored in contiguous sectors, speeds up disk access and thus the performance of the entire computer
defragmenting
the _____ interface in windows 7 offers and enhanced visual look, animation, and additional navigation options
aero
with a ____ users interact with menus and visual images such as icons, buttons and other objects to issue commands
graphical user interface (GUI)
a ____ is a mini program with minimal functionality that connects to another program or provides information
widget or gadget
networks, servers, mainframes, and supercomputers allow hundreds to thousands of users to connect at the same time, and thus are ______
multiuser
with an operating system, ____ can include fixes to bugs, enhancements to security, modifications to devices drivers, and the like.
automatic updates
if a new device such as a printer or scanner, is attached to a computer, its _____ must be installed before the device can be used
driver
the person overseeing network operations, called the ______ uses the network OS to add and remove users, computers, and other devices to and from a network
network administrator
_______ software is privately owned software and limited to a specific vendor or computer model
proprietary
a ______ is an icon on the desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program or file
shortcut
windows 7 includes an image viewed called windows ________________
photo viewer
with virtual memory, when an operating system spends much of its time paging, instead of executing application software, it is said to be _____
thrashing
a ____ is malware that copies itself repeatedly, for example in memory or over a network, using up system resources and possible shutting down the system
worm
many backup programs _______, or shrink the size of, files during the backup process
compress
collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data
database
collection of unprocessed items
data
processed data
information
one byte - numbers, letters, space, etc.
character
a combination of one or more related characters
field
a group of related fields
record
a collection of related records
data file
a collection of computers and devices connected together via communications devices and transmission media
network
the time it takes a signal to travel from one location to another on a network
latency
the amount of data that can travel over a communications channel sometimes is called the
bandwidth
consists of the programs that control or maintain the operations of the computer and its devices
system software