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AP World - Chapter 11
Terms in this set (24)
Nomadic peoples from beyond the northern frontier of sedentary agriculture in Mesoamerica; established capital at Tula after migration into central Mesoamerican plateau; strongly militaristic ethic, including cult of human sacrifice.
The Mexica; one of the nomadic tribes that penetrated into the sedentary zone of the Mesoamerican plateau after the fall of the Toltecs; established empire after 1325 around shores of Lake Texcoco.
Founded circa 1325 on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco; became center of Aztec power.
Nobility in Aztec society; formed by intermarriage of Aztecs with peoples tracing lineage back to the Toltecs.
Advisor to Aztec rulers (1427-1480); had histories of Mexico rewritten; expanded cult of human sacrifice as effective means of political terror.
Aztec tribal patron god; central figure of human sacrifice and warfare; identified with old sun god.
Clans in Aztec society; evolved into residential groupings that distributed land and provided labor and warriors.
Beds of aquatic weeds, mud, and earth placed in frames made of cane and rooted in lakes to create "floating islands"; system of irrigated agriculture used by Aztecs.
Merchant class in Aztec society; specialized in long-distance trade in luxury items.
Inca socialism .
An interpretation describing Inca society as a type of utopia; image of the Inca Empire as a carefully organized system in which every community collectively contributed to the whole
Inca word for their empire; region from Colombia to Chile and eastward into Bolivia and Argentina
Group of clans (ayllu) centered at Cuzco; created an empire in the Andes during the 15th century; also title of the ruler.
Inca ruler (1438-1471); began the military campaigns that marked the creation of the Inca Empire.
Inca ruler (1471-1493); extended his father's conquests; seized the northern coastal kingdom of Chimor and pushed into Equador
Inca ruler (1493-1527); brought the empire to its greatest extent.
Inca practice of ruler descent; all titles and political power went to the successor, but wealth and land remained in the hands of male descendants for support of dead Inca's mummy.
Temple of the Sun
Inca religious center at Cuzco; center of state religion; held mummies of past Incas.
Local rulers who the Inca left in office in return for loyalty.
Way stations used by Incas as inns and storehouses; supply centers for Inca armies; relay points for system of runners used to carry messages.
Labor extracted for lands assigned to the state and the religion; all communities were expected to contribute; an essential part of Inca control.
System of knotted strings used by the Incas in place of a writing system; could contain numerical and other types of information for censuses and financial records.
Stone boards used for grinding corn by hand.
Class of Aztec merchants that had hereditary status
Incan class of people who were removed from their ayllus and served permanently as servants, artisans, or workers for the Inca or nobility.
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