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106 terms

Medical Terminology Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms

Prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms in medical terminology.
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-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-ar
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-ic
pertaining to
-ine
pertaining to
-ive
pertaining to
-ous
pertaining to
-ation
process; being or having
-ion
action; condition
-lysis
process of breaking down or destroying
-ism
process; disease from a specific cause
-ia
condition; state; thing
-itis
inflammation of; infection of
-megaly
enlargement
-oma
tumor; mass
-osis
condition; abnormal condition; process
-pathy
disease; suffering
-ectomy
a surgical excision
-gram
a record or picture
-graphy
process of recording
-metry
process of measuring
-scope
instrument used to examine
-scopy
process of using an instrument to examine
-stomy
surgically created opening
-therapy
treatment
-tomy
process of cutting or making an incision
-iatry
medical treatment
-ist
one who specializes in
-logy
the study of
endo-
innermost; within
epi-
above; upon
inter-
between
intra-
within
peri-
around
post-
after; behind
pre-
before; in front of
sub-
below; underneath; less than
trans-
across; through
bi-
two
brady-
slow
hemi-
one half
hyper-
above; more than normal
hypo-
below; deficient
mono-
one; single
poly-
many; much
quadri-
four
tachy-
fast
tri-
three
a-
away from; without
an-
without; not
anti-
against
de-
reversal of; without
dys-
painful; difficult; abnormal
eu-
normal; good
mal-
bad; inadequate
re-
again and again
abdomin/o-
abdomen
append/o-
appendix
arteri/o-
artery
intestin/o-
intestine
laryng/o-
larynx
muscul/o-
muscle
thyroid/o-
thyroid gland
tonsill/o-
tonsil
ven/o-
vein
arthr/o-
joint
cardi/o-
heart
derm/o-
skin
gastr/o-
stomach
mamm/o-
breast
nas/o-
nose
psych/o-
mind
cholecyst/o-
gallbladder
cost/o-
rib
enter/o-
intestine
hepat/o-
liver
hyster/o-
uterus
lapar/o-
abdomen
urin/o-
urine; urinary system
pelv/o-
pelvis
uter/o-
uterus
digest/o-
break down food; digest
hem/o-
blood
pneumon/o-
lung; air
neur/o-
nerve
spir/o-
breathe
colon/o-
colon
col/o-
colon
therap/o-
treatment
nutri/o-
nourishment
phag/o-
eating; swallowing
trache/o-
trachea
menstru/o-
monthly discharge of blood
cutane/o-
skin
vagin/o-
vagina
later/o-
side
card/i-
heart
pleg/o-
paralysis
tens/o-
pressure
nucle/o-
nucleus
gemin/o-
set or group
sperm/o-
sperm
esthes/o-
sensation; feeling
bi/o-
living organisms
ment/o-
mind