Online Golf Glossary
Terms in this set (64)
Addressing the Ball
The act of stepping up and getting ready to hit the ball.
The positioning of your body that determines where you are aiming. There are several body parts that must be aimed correctly in order to have good, consistent alignment.
The location of the ball in relation to your feet and body
A hole played in one stroke under par
When a player says he or she has bladed a shot, he or she has hit the shot too thin. To avoid bladed shots, you should hit down and through the ball, usually causing a divot.
The direction and how much a putt will curve or turn. The slope of the green and the speed of the putt are the two things that determine how much a putt breaks.
Also known as sand traps. They are hazards that course designers build around greens and in the rough close to the fairway.
Any temporary accumulation of water on the course that is not in a water hazard. Snow and natural ice are examples of casual water. A ball lies in casual water when it lies in or any part of it touches the casual water.
Centerline of Body (or Stance)
The centerline is directly in the middle of your body or right in between your feet
A short shot that is intended to travel through the air over a very short distance and roll the remainder of the way to the hole. Players should be careful as to when to chip, or if a pitch would be a better shot
A chunk of sod that a player digs from the ground when hitting a golf ball
The dirt patch left after a divot has flown forward several feet
A hole played in two strokes over par
A hole played in three strokes under par. These are only possible on par 5 holes
A shot with a slight right-to-left ball flight
Several instances where a player would take a drop would be if his or her ball went out-of-bounds, in a water hazard, or in casual water. Also, if a player deemed his or her lie to be unplayable, he or she could take a drop. Sometimes, these drops require penalty strokes. When taking a drop, the player drops his or her ball away from obstacles
A hole played in two strokes under par
A shot with a slight left-to-right ball flight
The target destination for your tee shot on long holes. The grass is usually fairly level and always mowed short. It is easier to hit your second shot from the fairway than it is from the rough
A sand trap that is usually located just outside the fairway. They are designed to catch drives that are not hit pure
When a player hits a shot fat, he or she has hit the ground before the ball. Fat shots usually end up short of their target
Shouted as a warning when it appears a ball may possibly hit other players or spectators
The area surrounding the green that is not mowed as short as the green itself
The putting surface. The hole is, of course, on the green
A sand trap that is close to the green
The way in which a player holds the club. There are three different types of grips: ten-finger grip, interlock grip, and overlap grip (see lesson 2)
Ground Under Repair
Any part of the course so marked. It includes material piled for removal and a hole made by a greenkeeper. A ball is in ground under repair when it lies in or any part of it touches the ground under repair, and is allowed a fee drop
Grounding the Club
Touching the ground with your club. Grounding your club in a bunker is not allowed, and will result in a twostroke penalty
Hole in One
Getting the ball directly into the cup with one shot
When players are playing in a group, the player who records the lowest score on a hole has "honors" or tees off first on the next hole. Honors is determined on a hole-by-hole basis, not by which player has the lowest total score up to that point
When a player hoods a club, he or she takes some of the loft out of it. In order to hood a club, a player must close the clubface and turn the toe of the club in a bit.
A shot with an extreme left-to-right ball flight.
On a long putt, when you lag or hit a lag putt, you are concentrating on hitting it the right speed and getting it close to the hole. The idea is that you will be left with an easy second putt.
A safe shot that a player may choose to hit rather than going for the green. For example, if a tree is in the path of the ball and the green, a lay up shot would send the ball to the fairway first and then to the green, instead of attempting to hit the green in one shot.
After reading the green, a player might realize he has to aim his putt the width of a ball outside the left edge. This is just a unit of measure on the green. Others are right edge, inside left edge, etc.
The position of the ball when it comes to rest. If a ball s easy to hit, it is said to be a good lie. Some lies can be very bad, even unplayable.
Marking your Ball
Placing a coin or similar object behind your ball on the green so you can pick it up. You do this to get your ball out of the lines of other players' putts. You may also clean your ball after you mark it.
A form of golf play where players or teams compete against each other on a holeby- hole basis. Match play is used as an alternative to stroke play.
Out of Bounds
When a shot lands out of bounds, the player must hit another shot from the original spot and is assessed a one-stroke penalty.
The standard score for a hole (defined by its length) or a course (a sum of all the holes' pars). Par stands for "professional average result."
If your clubface is in line with the target, your body must be aligned parallel to the clubface to the left of the target.
The flagstick that is placed in the hole.
At most courses, greens keepers will change the placement of the pin each day. Pin placements vary from front, middle, and back. They also vary from left, middle, and right.
A short shot—typically from within 50 yards—usually played with a higher lofted club, that is intended to flight the ball towards the hole with greater accuracy than if a player were to use an iron. Compare to chip.
The act of letting your putter become level.
The way you stand when hitting a golf ball.
A temporary ball. If a player's tee shot might have gone out of bounds, he or she should play a provisional ball from the same spot. If the first ball stayed in bounds, the player will pretend as if he or she never hit the provisional ball. If the ball did go out of bounds, the player should play the provisional ball.
A short shot that serves the purpose of moving the ball from danger or obstruction. When a player is forced to punch out, he or she is left with no other choice. Often, he or she is not able to take a full swing or have a clear shot at the green because of tree limbs or other obstructions.
When a player hits a shot perfectly, he or she has hit it pure.
Reading the Green
The act of determining how much a putt will break.
When a player takes relief, he or she is relieved of a very difficult situation. Relief involves taking a drop (or dropping your ball in a spot away from obstacles); some situations allow players to take fee relief, while others involve penalty strokes.
The tall, thick grass that is found on both sides of the fairway. It is tougher to make solid contact with a ball that you hit from the rough.
For a right hander, a shot with an extreme left-to-right ball flight.
The curvature of the green that determines how much a putt will break.
A comfortable standing position after addressing the ball.
A shot with a straight ball flight.
There are two different meanings for this term. First, a stroke is when a player hits the ball. For example, if a player hits four shots on a hole, he or she has taken four strokes to hole out or make the ball in the hole. The second meaning of stroke is the swing itself. For example, the putting stroke is the act of swinging the putter and hitting the ball.
A form of golf play where players or teams compete against each other by trying to finish a number of holes by taking fewer strokes than their competitors. This is the most common form of golf competition.
A specially prepared area where the first stroke for each hole is made. This is the only place where you are allowed to tee up your ball.
A ticklish putt is a tricky putt. It could be an extremely fast downhill putt or one that breaks a lot.
When a player hits a shot thin, he or she has made contact too high on the ball. Thin shots have a lower trajectory than desired and usually end up long.
Two-Putts and Three-Putts
Ideally, a player should only need one putt to make the ball in the hole. However, many times two or three putts are necessary. Two-putts are considered good, but three-putts should be avoided.
Up and Down
If a player misses the green with his or her approach shot, he or she must get up and down to save par. This means that the player must chip or pitch the ball onto the green and then make the putt.
A pond, lake, river, or other body of water that is placed near a hole or a fairway. If a player hits into a water hazard, he or she must take a penalty stroke and hit another ball.