chief minister in ancient Egypt
a form of picture writing developed by the ancient Egyptians
pictures that symbolize an idea or action
a system of ranks
a pyramid like temple built by Sumerians
a type of writing developed by the Sumerians
a type of writing in which letters represent spoken sounds
Code of Hammurabi
a set of laws developed around 1800 bce in Babylon
a set of laws that Jews believe God gave them through Moses
first five books of the Old Testament
system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster
people who lived on the coast of the Mediterranean in present day Lebanon and Syria who became sea traders
belief in one god
belief in many gods
group of Indo-Europeans who migrated into South Asia around 1500 bce
spiritual power that resides in all things
collection of prayers, hymns, and other religious teachings from the Aryans
the actions of a person's life that affect his or her fate in the next life
rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
the essential self of every person that seeks union with brahman
religious and moral duties of an individual
both the avoidance of violence toward other life-forms and an active sense of compassion toward them.
union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth
respect for parents
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
a collection of the sayings of Confucius
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