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NT Exam 2
Terms in this set (54)
When and from where was 1 Corinthians written? How many letters were written by Paul to Corinth, and which ones have survived
In the mid-50's A.D, Ephesus
4 and 2,4
What do we know about the city of Corinth at the time of Paul? What was the condition of the Corinthian church when Paul wrote 1 Corinthians
He is responding to a series of issues that are dividing the Corinthian Christians into factions
What is the purpose of 1 Corinthians? How is the purpose developed in the two major sections of the book
to unify the church against factions, bringing all areas of life under the lordship of Christ
The Church United (1 Corinthians 1-6). In the first section of the book, Paul seeks to bring the Corinthian factions together under the Lordship of Christ.
Counsel on Christian Living (1 Corinthians 7-16). Paul describes how their subjection to the Lordship of Christ shows itself in marriage, Christian liberty, church ministries, and financial support of the church.
How does Paul express his argument against factions in 1 Corinthians 1-4 (4 ways)
We are all one in the Lord Jesus Christ (used nine times in 1:1-9). Therefore, you all are to be united in Christ (1:10).
The message of the cross is the power of the gospel, killing pride and factions (1:18-31). Paul himself came in the power of the gospel, not wisdom (2:1-5), so their faith rests on God, not human wisdom.
True wisdom is possible for spiritual people, but they are still fleshy because of their pride and factions (2:6 to 3:9).
Paul chides them for their arrogance (4:6-21), compared to the smallness of his apostleship (!). His motive is to correct them
What is Paul's point about divisions and unity in the three issues of chapters 5-6
When they should be united under Jesus' lordship, they have factions (chapters 1-4).
How does church discipline relate to believers and to unbelievers in chapter 5
Discipline an incestuous man in the church (5:1-5). Paul urges them to separate from him (5:13). Note: we are to discipline those in the church, not unbelievers
How does Paul resolve the issue of lawsuits among believers in chapter 6
Settle your disputes in the church (6:1-11). Paul states that it is better to be cheated than to sue a Christian
Why should believers flee sexual immorality, according to 1 Corinthians 6
because your bodies are the temple of the Holy Spirit
Why does Paul address the specific issues that he does in 1 Corinthians 7-16
They were questions by the Corinthians
In 1 Corinthians 7, what five points does Paul make about marriage issues
• Give yourselves to one another in marriage (7:1-7)
• But remain single if possible to serve God without distraction (7:32-35)
• But if you burn with sexual desire, get married (7:8-9)
• If possible remain with your spouse until death (7:10-16)
• Generally it is best to remain as you are
What is Paul's teaching about Christian liberty in general in 1 Corinthians 8-9
Paul speaks of freedom within parameters, relating it to life in general, and then to worship as a church
In what way has Paul become "all things to all men," in 1 Corinthians 9
He has become a slave to everyone so that he may reach as many people as he can.
From 1 Corinthians 11:1-17, how should men and women worship
• Express your freedom distinctly as men and women
How should they celebrate the Lord's Supper, according to 1 Corinthians 11
• Remain pure in your observance of the Lord's supper
What does Paul teach about spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians 12-14? Why are the gifts given to the church
Paul desires them to use their gifts/abilities for church unity and edification, not as reason to boast
From 1 Corinthians 13, what is the most critical ingredient to the proper use of the gifts of the Spirit
Why does Paul compare prophecy and tongues in chapter 14
Paul compares tongues and prophecy as an example of proper motivation
What is "edification
To build up the church
How should all activity be conducted in church meetings, according to chapter 14
All church worship ought to be orderly and harmonious
Why is the resurrection important, according to chapter 15 (four points)
Makes our faith effective (15:13-14).
Proves that we are forgiven (15:17).
Assures us of life after death (15:20, 23), in changed bodies (15:35-49).
Proves that we will never die
What final instruction does Paul give in chapter 16
about giving to the poor church in Jerusalem
What are the four sub-sections to the third major section of Acts (9:32 to 28:31)? Be able to think your way through a map showing the spread of the gospel from Palestine to Rome in these four stages
Antioch, Syria (Acts 9:32 to 12:24).
Asia Minor (Turkey) (Acts 12:25 to 16:5).
Europe (Acts 16:6 to 19:20).
In the third major section of Acts, how does the focus of Acts shift from the previous sections (two ways)
by first recording the expansion of the church from Judea and Samaria to Antioch, Syria (Acts 9:32 to 12:24), and now the further spread of the gospel to Asia Minor through Paul's first missions trip
When Peter speaks to Cornelius and the Gentiles in Acts 10, what is the result? What change in the makeup of the church does it bring
The Gentiles now receive the Spirit without becoming Jews!
How does Luke describe the growth of the church at Antioch, Syria, in Acts 11? What does Barnabus do at Antioch that changes the growth of the church in Acts
In the next days of ministry at Antioch, both Jews and Gentiles come to faith in great numbers, and Barnabus retrieves Saul from Tarsus for the ministry at Antioch
When Paul and Barnabus go on their missions trip in Acts 13-14, what is the pattern of events in most towns that they visit
Paul preaches to the Jews and performs signs.
The Gentiles believe in Jesus in great numbers.
The Jews persecute Paul, driving him out of town
How do some Jewish believers in Acts 15:1, 5 respond to the Gentiles' faith in Christ
They think they need to become Jews first
Why is the Jerusalem Council called in Acts 15? What is the result? What two decisive events at the Council lead to those results? How do the Gentile believers at Antioch respond to the Council's results
Paul and Barnabus join the apostles in Jerusalem to debate the issue at the first Church council
• Peter declares salvation by grace, and not the law (Acts 15:7-11)
• Paul and Barnabas testify to the Gentiles faith
The Jerusalem council decides to encourage the Gentiles. They do not require the Gentiles to keep the Law (15:20). The Gentiles receive the message with joy
Why do Barnabus and Paul separate before their second missions trip? Who comes along with Paul on the second missions trip (two people mentioned in class)
Paul now departs on another missions trip with Silas, after a disagreement with Barnabus about taking along John Mark (15:36-41). Paul proceeds to Asia Minor, picking up Timothy on the way
In the third mini-section of the last major section of Acts (16:6-19:20), where do Paul and Silas intend to go to minister? Where does the Holy Spirit lead them? Be able to locate on a map the general region and cities that Paul visited on this second missions trip in Acts 16-19
Paul and Silas now go out on a second missions trip (16:6 to 18:22), intending to evangelize in Asia Minor, but God directs them to bring the gospel into Europe
Describe the sequence of events in Philippi that Paul and Silas experienced
Arriving at Philippi, Paul speaks and Lydia and others are converted, but Paul's exorcism of a slave-girl (16:16-19) land him in jail, after a beating (16:22-24).
Paul and Silas are undeterred, singing in chains (16:25), until an earthquake frees them. They refuse to escape, however, leading to the jailer's conversion
What ministry pattern resurfaces as Paul moves through Thessalonica and Berea
Many believe (17:4,12), but the Jews run him out of town
What do we know about the most likely candidate as the author of James? Why is it unlikely that he is the apostle James, brother of John the apostle
Only listed as James (1:1), one of four possible in NT.
Most likely James the brother of Jesus (Galatians 1:19), who also was one of the leaders of the Jerusalem church (Acts 15:13; Galatians 2:9).
James was antagonistic to Jesus (John 7:5), but apparently came to faith after Christ's resurrection, one to whom Jesus appeared
Approximately when was James written
perhaps as early as the late 40's
What is the purpose of James
To encourage Jewish Christians to live in a way that demonstrates their faith.
In what sense is James action-oriented and practical? Why did he write about behavior and action more than theory, according to the professor
James is action oriented. He is far more interested in Christian behavior and life, rather than just doctrine and position in Christ
All through the OT period the Jews concentrated much more on their standing with God, rather than actually obeying God.
In what five ways does James describe living faith in the first section of the book (including what each means)
The key to overcoming trials (1:2-18).
Faith doesn't always speak, or get angry, but listens (1:19), in order to do what is right (1:22).
Faith shows mercy without favoritism (2:1-13).
Faith produces good works (2:14-26).
Faith enables us to restrain our speech
Describe the seven ways James describes wise living in the second section
Personal purity from the world (4:1-10).
Humility toward one another, not speaking against one another, or judging one another (4:11-12).
Dependence on God to conduct life and business (4:13-17).
Wise use of money and material possessions (5:1-6).
Patiently endure trials, knowing God is coming (5:7-11).
Praying humbly for one another's needs (5:12-18).
Restoring the sinning brother or sister
Approximately when was Galatians written
written in the late 40's A.D
To the best of our knowledge, was Galatians written before or after the Jerusalem council recorded in Acts 15
Paul makes no mention of the Jerusalem Council (49 A.D.), which would have been a powerful support for his argument
What is the purpose of Galatians? What are the three sections of Galatians? How does Paul develop his purpose through the three sections of the book
to defend salvation by faith alone; it is not by trying to keep the Law.
Before he starts the main message of the book, Paul defends his standing as an apostle (Galatians 1-2), as the basis of his authority to teach the Galatians
After making a convincing case for his legitimate standing as an apostle (Galatians 1-2, Paul teaches in Galatians 3-4 that the just shall live by faith (3:11), representing the heart of his message
If Paul's message is with apostolic authority (Galatians 1-2), and we are justified by faith and not by Law (Galatians 3-4), how then should we live
Who are the Judaizers? Why are they a threat to the gospel? What were they saying to the Gentiles about Paul and his teaching
These Judaizers also discredited Paul's apostleship, so he defends both his position and his message in Galatians
What is different about Paul's start to Galatians than his other letters? What does it indicate about his attitude toward the Galatians when writing the book
After his customary greeting, Paul launches in at the Galatians (1:5). Usually he begins with praise for his readers.
It indicates Paul's anger and concern for the Galatians. At times his Greek syntax is broken (4:19-20), and he has nothing good to say about the Judaizers
What three evidences does Paul argue for his apostleship in chapters 1-2? What conclusion should the Galatians come to about Paul and his message
Paul received his calling from Jesus directly (1:11-17).
The apostles at Jerusalem endorsed Paul's message (2:7-10).
Paul's authority even allowed him to rebuke Peter
Paul is a legitimate apostle so listen to him
What is the essence of Paul's rebuke of the Galatians in 3:1-5? How should they live, now that they have come to Christ for salvation
"If you couldn't save yourselves through the Law, why do you think that you can now live by the Law?"
shall live by faith (3:11), representing the heart of his message
In Galatians 3:21-25, why was the Mosaic Law given? How is it our "tutor?"
The Law was not given to give us life, but to prove us all as sinners and point us to God's mercy by faith through Christ (3:21-22).
The Law used to be our tutor showing us our need and God's high moral standards, to lead us to Christ
What question is addressed in Galatians 5-6, based on the argument of the book to this point? In what four ways does Paul answer the question in Galatians 5-6
how then should we live
In freedom from the Law, loving one another by faith (5:1-15).
Living in the Holy Spirit's power, displaying His character traits as we submit to His control (5:16-25).
Restoring one another when there is sin present (6:1-5).
Doing good for one another in the church and in the world
What circumstances led Paul to write 1 Thessalonians, according to 3:1-9
When Timothy returns with a good report about the Christians, Paul sends off a letter of joy
From where does Paul write 1 Thessalonians? What is the purpose of 1 Thessalonians
probably from Corinth to encourage the Gentile believers by reminding them of Paul's affection for them and the great hope they have in Christ
What is Paul's attitude toward the Thessalonians? How is his ministry to them described in 2:1-21
full of praise for the Thessalonian Christians
About how much time passes between the writing of 1 and 2 Thessalonians
about a year
What is the purpose of 2 Thessalonians? What caused Paul to write the book
to encourage the Gentile Christians by correcting a false rumor about Jesus coming.
What details about Jesus' return does Paul give in 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12
Conditions on earth deteriorate, with many professing Christians leaving the faith (2:3, 10-12). When God's restraining force is lifted, all hell breaks loose (2:6-7). Then God will destroy all opposition to Christ when Jesus appears
In 2 Thessalonians 3, what does Paul instruct about lazy busybodies in the church? What two points summarize how Paul wants the church to discipline any lazy believer
Pointing to his own example, Paul teaches that all should work and contribute to their own support, working their own jobs and not becoming busybodies
Do not associate with him to shame him (3:14).
But do it as a brother not an enemy
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