According to it, if you want your people to achieve their goals, you need to help, support, and motivate them. You can do this in three ways:
Helping them identify and achieve their goals.
Clearing away obstacles, thereby improving performance.
Offering appropriate rewards along the way.
To do this, you can use four different types of leadership:
Supportive leadership - Here, you focus on relationships. You show sensitivity to individual team members' needs, and you consider your team members' best interests. This leadership style is best when tasks are repetitive or stressful.
Directive leadership - With this, you communicate goals and expectations, and you assign clear tasks. This style works best when tasks or projects are unstructured, or when tasks are complex and team members are inexperienced.
Participative leadership - With participative leadership, you focus on mutual participation. You consult with your group, and you consider their ideas and expertise before making a decision. This approach works best when your team members are experienced, when the task is complex and challenging, and when your team members want to give you their input.
Achievement-oriented leadership - Here, you set challenging goals for your team. You have confidence in your team's abilities, so you expect your team to perform well, and you maintain high standards for everyone. This style works best when team members are unmotivated or unchallenged in their work.