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43 terms

The Odyssey-Characters

Ms. Moraine. Midterm. 7th period. Characters to know
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Odysseus
Grandson of Acresius and Autolycus, son of Laertes and Anticlea, husband of Penelope, father of Telemachus, king of Ithaca, and the surrounding islands
Penelope
daughter of Icarius, wife of Odysseus, mother of Telemachus, queen of Ithaca
Telemachus
grandson of Laertes and Antecleia, son of Odysseus and Penelope, heir to the throne of Ithaca,
Laertes
son of Acresius, husband of Anticleia, father of Odysseus,
Anticleia
daughter of Autolycus, wife of Laertes, mother of Odysseus
Menelaus
son of Atreus, king of Lacedaemon, brother of Agamemnon, husband of Helen,
Nestor
son of Neleus, king of the Pylians, father of Antilochus, Pisistratus, Thrasymedes and others; the oldest of the Achaen chieftains.
Aelous
1. master of the winds 2. father of Cretheus
Alcinous
king of the Phaecians, husband of Arete, father of Nausicaa
Helen
daughter of Zeus and Leda, wife of Menelaus, consort of Paris; her abduction by him from Sparta caused the Trojan war
Pisistratus
son of Nestor, who accompanies Telemachus to Sparta
Nausicaa
daughter of Alcinous and Arete
Calypso
goddess-nymph, daughter of Atlas, who makes her home on the island of Ogygia
Ino
(Leucothea) daughter of Cadmus, once a mortal and now a sea-nymph
Circe
goddess and enchantress of Aeaea, who changes men into swine
Clytemnestra
daughter of Leda and Tyndareus, queen of Argos, wife of Agamemnon, lover of Aegisthus, and mother of Orestes
Cicones
Trojan allies, living in Thrace, to the north of Troy
Lotus Eaters
legendary people visited by Odysseus, they live on a plant whose fruit induces stupor and forgetfulness of home
Polyphemus
Cyclops, son of Poseidon and Thoosa, blinded by Odysseus
Laestrygonians
legendary clan of giant cannibals
Tiresias
blind seer of Thebes, who retains his prophetic powers even in the underworld
Sirens
enchantresses of the sea, whose song can tempt a sailor to his ruin
Scylla
man-eating, 6 headed monster that lives in a cliffside cavern opposite the whirlpool of Charybdis
Charybdis
monster in the form of a giant pool, located across from Scylla
Eurycleia
the old nurse of Odysseus and Telemachus, attendant of Penelope
Eumaeus
swineherd of Odysseus
Philoetius
cowherd loyal to Odysseus
Melantho
daughter of Dolius, maid of Penelope
Melanthius
son of Dolius, goatherd
Athena
or Pallas Athena, goddess, daughter of Zeus, defender of the Achaeans. A patron human ingenuity and resourcefulness, whether exemplified by handicrafts, such as spinning and weaving, or by skill in human relations, such as that possessed Odysseus, her favorite among the Greeks
Zeus
king of the gods, son of Cronus and Rhea, brother and husband of Hera, father of the Olympians and many mortals too. His spheres include the sky and the weather, hospitality and the rights of guests and suppliants, the punishment of injustice, the sending of omens, and the governance of the universe, controlled to some extent by Fate as well
Helios
the Sun
Hermes
god, son of Zeus and Maia, messenger of the gods, giant-killer, and guide of dead souls to the underworld and Olympus
Proteus
the Old Man of the Sea, servant of Poseidon and father of Eidothea
Poseidon
god of the sea, son of Cronus and Rhea, younger brother of Zeus, father of Polyphemus, throughout the Odyssey an inveterate enemy of Odysseus
Hades
the god of the underworld
Antinous
son of Eupithes, one of the two leading suitors
Eurymachus
one of the two leading suitors, son of Polybus, and killed by Odysseus
Agamemnon
king of Mycenae, son of Atreus, husband of Clytemnestra, murdered by her and Aegisthus; brother of Menelaus, supreme commander of all Achaea's armies and leader of the largest contingent at Troy
Orestes
son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra,and the avenger of his father
Achilles
son of Peleus and Thetis, grandson of Aeacus, and commander of the Myrmidons, Achaean allies at Troy
Elpenor
companion of Odysseus
Aegisthus
son of Thyestes, seducer of Cyltemnestra and murder of Agamemnon, killed by Orestes