APUSH Chapter 28 Reading Guide

The real heart of the progressive movement was the effort by reformers to
use the government as an agency of human welfare
The political roots of the progressive movement lay in the
Greenback Labor party and the Populists
The religious movement that was closely linked to progressivism was
the Social Gospel
was closely tied to the feminist movement and women's causes
Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled The Shame of the Cities
unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government
The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they
trusted in publicity to reform capitalism rather than overthrow it
According to progressives, the cure for all of American democracy's ills was
more democracy
Progressive reformers included which of the following?
Female settlement workers, militarists, labor unionists, pacifists
Political progressivism
emerged in both major parties, in all regions at all levels of government
To regain the power that the people had lost to the interests, progressivies advocated all of the following except
The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution was a key progressive reform designed to
make the Senate millionaire's club directly elected by the people
The progressive inspired city manager system of government
was designed to remove politics from municipal administration
Progressive reform at the level of city government seemed to indicate that the progressives' highest priority was
governmental efficiency
The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female progressive activity because they
introduced many middle class women to a broader array of urban social problems and civic concerns
In Muller v. Oregon, the Supreme Court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelley and Louis Brandeis that
female workers required special rules and protection
The case of Lochner v. New York represented a setback for progressives and labor advocates because in its ruling, the Supreme Court
declared a law limiting work to ten hours a day unconstitutional
Teddy Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 strike in the anthracite coal mines by
threatening to seize the mines and operate them with federal troops
One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that
the national government did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute
The Elkins and Hepburn Acts were designed to
end corrupt and exploitative practicies by the railroad trusts
Teddy Roosevelt believed that large corporate trusts
were bad only if they acted as monopolies against the public interest
The real purpose of Teddy Roosevelt's assault on trusts was to
prove that the democratic federal government, not private business, governed the United States
President Roosevelt believed that the federal government should adopt a policy of ___ trusts
Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was inspired by the publication of
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle
When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus attention on
plight of workers in the stockyards and meat packing industry
The Newlands Act, passed under Theodore Roosevelt's administration was designed to
reclaim and irrigate unproductive lands
According to the text, Teddy Roosevelt's most important and enduring achievement may have been
conserving American resources and protecting the environment
The western preservationists suffered their worst political setback when
California's Hetch Hechty Valley was dammed to supply water to San Francisco
The multiple use conservationists generally believed that
the environment could be effectively protected without shutting it off to human use
Teddy Roosevelt weakened himself politically yafter his election in 1904 when he
announced he would not be a candidate for a third term as president
The panic of 1907 exposed the need for substantial reform in
US banking and currency policies
Theodore Roosevelt is probably the most accurately described as a
middle of the road reformer
As president, William Howard Taft
was wedded more to the status quo tan to progressive change
President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed
dollar diplomacy
The Supreme Court's rule of reason in antitrust law was handed down in a case involving
Standar Oil
Teddy Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because
William Howard Taft had seemed to discard Roosevelt's progressive policies
In the ealy 1900's criticis of social injustice who contributed to the progressive movement included
journalists, socialists, feminists, Christians
Most progressives worked toward goals of
Providing greater social justice for ordinary citizens, ending political corruption, checking the power of big business, strengthening government as a means of democratically controlling society
President ROosevelt and his chief forestry official Gifford Pincot, promoted a view of conservation that involved
permitting multiple uses of protected federal lands and national parts... protecting natural resources for long term enjoyment and use by the American people