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The real heart of the progressive movement was the effort by reformers to

use the government as an agency of human welfare

The political roots of the progressive movement lay in the

Greenback Labor party and the Populists

The religious movement that was closely linked to progressivism was

the Social Gospel


was closely tied to the feminist movement and women's causes

Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled The Shame of the Cities

unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government

The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they

trusted in publicity to reform capitalism rather than overthrow it

According to progressives, the cure for all of American democracy's ills was

more democracy

Progressive reformers included which of the following?

Female settlement workers, militarists, labor unionists, pacifists

Political progressivism

emerged in both major parties, in all regions at all levels of government

To regain the power that the people had lost to the interests, progressivies advocated all of the following except


The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution was a key progressive reform designed to

make the Senate millionaire's club directly elected by the people

The progressive inspired city manager system of government

was designed to remove politics from municipal administration

Progressive reform at the level of city government seemed to indicate that the progressives' highest priority was

governmental efficiency

The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female progressive activity because they

introduced many middle class women to a broader array of urban social problems and civic concerns

In Muller v. Oregon, the Supreme Court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelley and Louis Brandeis that

female workers required special rules and protection

The case of Lochner v. New York represented a setback for progressives and labor advocates because in its ruling, the Supreme Court

declared a law limiting work to ten hours a day unconstitutional

Teddy Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 strike in the anthracite coal mines by

threatening to seize the mines and operate them with federal troops

One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that

the national government did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute

The Elkins and Hepburn Acts were designed to

end corrupt and exploitative practicies by the railroad trusts

Teddy Roosevelt believed that large corporate trusts

were bad only if they acted as monopolies against the public interest

The real purpose of Teddy Roosevelt's assault on trusts was to

prove that the democratic federal government, not private business, governed the United States

President Roosevelt believed that the federal government should adopt a policy of ___ trusts


Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was inspired by the publication of

Upton Sinclair's The Jungle

When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus attention on

plight of workers in the stockyards and meat packing industry

The Newlands Act, passed under Theodore Roosevelt's administration was designed to

reclaim and irrigate unproductive lands

According to the text, Teddy Roosevelt's most important and enduring achievement may have been

conserving American resources and protecting the environment

The western preservationists suffered their worst political setback when

California's Hetch Hechty Valley was dammed to supply water to San Francisco

The multiple use conservationists generally believed that

the environment could be effectively protected without shutting it off to human use

Teddy Roosevelt weakened himself politically yafter his election in 1904 when he

announced he would not be a candidate for a third term as president

The panic of 1907 exposed the need for substantial reform in

US banking and currency policies

Theodore Roosevelt is probably the most accurately described as a

middle of the road reformer

As president, William Howard Taft

was wedded more to the status quo tan to progressive change

President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed

dollar diplomacy

The Supreme Court's rule of reason in antitrust law was handed down in a case involving

Standar Oil

Teddy Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because

William Howard Taft had seemed to discard Roosevelt's progressive policies

In the ealy 1900's criticis of social injustice who contributed to the progressive movement included

journalists, socialists, feminists, Christians

Most progressives worked toward goals of

Providing greater social justice for ordinary citizens, ending political corruption, checking the power of big business, strengthening government as a means of democratically controlling society

President ROosevelt and his chief forestry official Gifford Pincot, promoted a view of conservation that involved

permitting multiple uses of protected federal lands and national parts... protecting natural resources for long term enjoyment and use by the American people

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