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25 terms

Python (1)

STUDY
PLAY
algorithm
A general process for solving a category of problems.
bug
An error in a program.
compile
To translate a program written in a high-level language into a low-level language all at once, in preparation for later execution.
debugging
The process of finding and removing any of the three kinds of programming errors.
exception
Another name for a runtime error.
executable
Another name for object code that is ready to be executed.
formal language
Any one of the languages that people have designed for specific purposes, such as representing mathematical ideas or computer programs.
high-level language
A programming language like Python that is designed to be easy for humans to read and write.
interpret
To execute a program in a high-level language by translating it one line at a time.
low-level language
A programming language that is designed to be easy for a computer to execute; also called "machine language" or "assembly language."
natural language
Any one of the languages that people speak that evolved naturally.
object code
The output of the compiler after it translates the program.
parse
To examine a program and analyze the syntactic structure.
portability
A property of a program that can run on more than one kind of computer.
print statement
An instruction that causes the Python interpreter to display a value on the screen.
problem solving
The process of formulating a problem, finding a solution, and expressing the solution.
program
A set of instructions that specifies a computation.
runtime error
An error that does not occur until the program has started to execute but that prevents the program from continuing.
script
A program stored in a file (usually one that will be interpreted).
semantic error
An error in a program that makes it do something other than what the programmer intended.
semantics
The meaning of a program.
source code
A program in a high-level language before being compiled.
syntax
The structure of a program.
syntax error
An error in a program that makes it impossible to parse (and therefore impossible to interpret).
token
One of the basic elements of the syntactic structure of a program, analogous to a word in a natural language.