●#1: Do some preliminary thinking and writing on your subject
●#2: Develop a CLAIM—a sentence which states your position on the topic. This is what you will defend.
●#3: Be prepared to modify or qualify you claim using words like some, most, often, under certain conditions, etc... (See text pg. 80)
●#4: Think about those assumptions you are making; be aware what you are assuming about your audience (See text pg. 81)
●#5: Consider your audience—be respectful and keep differences (race, gender, income, religion, etc...) in mind. Develop an ethos (evidenced through style, vocabulary, tone, use of research, etc...) which fits the paper and assignment (See pgs. 82-83).
●1. List your reasons in support of your claim—and start with this list to do research.
●2. Begin to group your reasons or categorize them, even eliminate them as you find information from articles, websites, books, etc...
●3. As you find information:
Keep track of every source; email articles to yourself and/or print them out
*Find examples, statistics, expert testimonies, photographs, etc... as hard evidence
*Be attentive NOW to quotes, paraphrases, and summaries (See section in your assignment on note taking
4. Write down counterarguments—objections to your claim. You will need to summarize opposing viewpoints somewhere in your paper.
5. Consider emotional appeals (pathos) and how emotions might be used in your argument
●The "standard" is intro, 1st, 2nd, 3rd reasons, counterarguments, and conclusion. But this is certainly not the only option.
●Consider a paragraph (or 2 or 3) introducing the subject and establishing its importance.
●Consider holding the claim until the end, using the evidence throughout to build up to the claim. This approach is, however, a bit more difficult.
●Counterarguments can be addressed wherever in paper you feel it's appropriate.
●Keeping readers engrossed and interested is key. Write an engaging introduction. Read pg. 92 in the text.
●Use interesting sentence structure, vocabulary, and figurative language. Ask questions and even use images to get your point across.