True. Paul says that many recruits aren't up to the stress. The claustrophobic man during the bombing at the beginning of the chapter goes mad from pressure, as well as some others in their dugout.
War turns men into savages.
True. After the men wait in the dugout, they are completely savage when set free, killing with abandon. Paul says that he believes that if someone's own father had been there, that person would have killed their father.
Paul believes the war has caused the soldiers to lose their youth.
True. Paul states that he can no longer connect to the happier times before the war, that he is such a different person it isn't possible. He says that they are forlorn like children, yet weary and wise like old men.
Life thrives in No-Man's Land.
False. No-Man's Land is described as being a barren waste. Shells, gunfire, and blood soak the soil, and life is incapable of growing there.
Paul believes the recruits are well trained for the front.
False. Paul makes a point of describing the inability of the recruits to fight. He says that they are mowed down, simply because they don't know what to do, and have no skills whatsoever. Five recruits die for every one experienced man.
Himmelstoss is terrified of the front.
Answers may vary. Paul has to pull him roughly out of hiding, and Himmelstoss is terrified there. Later, however, Himmelstoss leads the charge, running even before the liutenant, and gets used to fighting.
According to Paul, a soldier must be hardened to the reality of war or else he will go "mad".
True. This theme is recurrent throughout the book, and stems from the uncertainty of life or death that soldiers face every day.
To a soldier beer is a token of life and safety.
True. Soldiers only have beer when they are safe and celebrating, and when they are happy together. One would never get drunk during an attack, and therefore being drunk and drinking is a symbol of safety.
Paul feels comfortable in his home environment.
False. Paul feels awkward and savage. When people ask him questions, he finds his emotions inexplicable, and remains very detached from his persona before the war. He feels isolated from everyone because they can't imagine what he has been through.
Paul replies honestly to his mother's question, "Was it very bad out there, Paul?"
False. Paul simplifies things and make them much rosier for the sake of his mother, who is sick, and whom he doesn't want to worry.
Paul is glad to be in civilian clothes.
Yes and no. He's happy to be away from the reminders of war, and to wear such light clothing. On the other hand, he really doesn't feel like a civilian any more, and has mostly outgrown his clothing anyway.
Paul is reluctant to talk about the front.
True. When Paul is questioned: by teachers or by his family, he doesn't tell the truth and is instead very ambiguous and hopeful.
Paul believes that he has changed dramatically in one year.
True. Paul feels that his time in the army has completely deadened him to who he was before. There is a very poignant scene where he sits alone in his room and tries to recapture some of his excitement for life, and is unable to.
Kantorek gets what he deserves.
True. Kantorek ends up being drafter into the army, and is placed into the regiment of one of his students, who forces him to run drills and wear ill-fitting clothing.
Food is plentiful for the civilians.
False. It is obvious to Paul that everyone is very thin, and the berries and potato cakes that he has on his first night back have obviously been hoarded and stored carefully.
Paul tells Kemmerich's mother the truth about her son's death.
False. Paul continues to lie to Kemmerich's mother, telling her that her son dies quickly and painlessly, even though he is begged to tell the truth and has to swear on everything that he holds dear.
Paul is emotionally unaffected by his leave.
False. Paul is very affected, and claims that it is much worse going back now that he has rested and known comfort. He says that he wishes he had never come on leave at all.
Paul has sympathy for the Russian prisoners.
He does. Throughout, Paul speaks of their sad eyes, how gentle they seem, and how hungry they are.
In his discussion of the Russian prisoners, Erich Maria Remarque reflects upon the ironies of war.
He does. The author discusses how odd it is that men, who know neither Paul or the Russians, have declared them enemies, and started a war in which the superiors need not fight.
Paul believes that war has annihilated his feelings.
Paul believes, in this chapter, that the dangerous feelings he has about war should be hidden for now, until after the war is over.
Kropp believed the Germans are "in the right."
False. Kropp is the one who brings up the question at first, so therefore he must have some doubts. He also believes that war is like a cold: something that no one wants, but everybody gets.
The major characters in this novel have a clear understanding of why they are fighting.
False. During their debate, the man say that war happens when one state offends each other, that the Kaiser simply needed a war, and that Generals need wars too to become famous.
Paul and his friends finally receive new clothes.
False. For the Kaiser's inspection, the men receive new clothes, but they are quickly taken away again after the Kaiser has left.
Comraderie is a necessity during war-time.
True. When Paul is lost and hears Kat's voice, it revives him, and gives him life. To Paul, his friends are closer to him than his mother, and they are his reasons for all existence in such a bad life.
It was common in the confusion of trench-warfare for a soldier to jump in the wrong trench.
True. When Paul is attempting to find his way back, he is wary of reaching a trench because he is aware that many others before him have mistakenly entered the wrong trench.
During the attack, Paul is lost and falls into an enemy shell-hole.
True. Paul is unable to find his way back through the danger, darkness, and confusion, and so stays in a shell hole for cover.
Paul feels very guilty for killing the French soldier.
True. Paul tries to bind his wounds and give him water, and talks to him, repenting that he killed the Frenchman.
Paul loses his sanity.
False. He suffers something of a minor breakdown in which he talks to the dead soldier, and promises to take care of the man's family, but eventually regains his senses and is okay again.
Paul is concerned about being killed by "friendly fire."
True. On the way back to his trench later, Paul makes sure to call out and be very clear so that he isn't mistaken for the enemy.
Paul thinks that evacuating a village keeps him protected from shell-fire.
True. Paul believes that the French wouldn't fire on a village with people still in it, however, he is wrong.
Paul fakes a fever.
True. So that he won't be separated from Albert, Paul fakes a fever with the bad army thermometers.
Paul is glad that the sisters pray for him.
False. The sisters pray very early in the morning, and make the men listen. The soldiers hate that, and throw things and yell at the sisters.
At Catholic Hospital, Paul finds that anything is done to help the dying.
False. If a man is dying, he is placed in a special room until he dies. Catholic hospitals are pretty good, however, and have good food.
Paul believes that a hospital shows the senselessness of war.
True. Paul says that a culture that has been around for thousands of years, everything that has been written or read, everything total, must be senseless if it couldn't prevent such death and pain.
Our knowledge of life is limited to death. What will happen afterwards? Pg. 264
All that they have really had to do as a job is kill. All they know of life is this killing. They don't know what they will do after they are done, for all they know of life is ending it.
All other expressions lie in a winter's sleep, life is simply one continual watch against the menace of death; it has transformed us into unthinking animals in order to give us the weapon of instinct-- it has reinforced us with dullness so that we do not go to pieces before the horror.
All the soldiers' emotions are dead, for a purpose. When they have no rational thought, they can respond with pure animal instinct. All energy is put into staying alive. By dulling their humanity, the soldiers are able to carry on without being ruined by what they are doing and watching.
All men remain sane.
Disagree. Many men go crazy from the horror of war. Detering sees a cherry tree, and tries to run away, but is court-martialed and probably killed.
The Germans are winning the war.
False. Germany is losing badly; its soldiers are starving and weak, and being crushed in the face of the Allies.
The troops are now well fed.
Disagree. If anything, the troops are more emaciated than ever. The factory owners in Germany mix substitutes with the food, so that the men get sick and gain no nutrients.
The use of tanks by the Allies helps to annihilate the enemy.
Agree. Because tanks are impermeable to guns and bombs, the men are powerless before them and are killed.
The German troops are overwhelmed by the Allies' superior forces.
Agree. The Allies have food and horses and tanks. For every one German man there are five Allied men, and for every one German sausage there are fifty tins of beef for the Allies.
Kat dies from a splinter in the head.
Agree. Paul tries to carry him to safety after he is shot in the leg, but on the way there a wayward splinter kills Kat without Paul noticing.
Paul believes that a very few men of his generation will escape the scars of the war even after the war has ended.
All the horror they have seen will take a toll. The generations before and behind don't understand them. All the ambitions they once had have been eaten up by the war.
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