25 terms

nutrition chapter 4

carbs are the primary fuel source for our brain and body tissues. T/F
Alternative sweeteners such as aspartame are safe for us to consume. T/F
Sugar alcohols are non-nutritive sweeteners. T/F
the potential of foods to raise blood glucose and insulin levels
The glycemic index rates
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
carbohydrates contain:
Sweetened soft drinks
The most common source of added sugar in american's diet is:
Glucose, Fructose, and galactose are:
aspartame should not be consumed by people who have:
red blood cells, central nervous system, and brain cells
Glucose is the preferred source of energy for which of the following?
a diet that contains insufficient carbohydrate
Which of the following is associated with the development of ketosis?
Which of the following is the preferred fuel or energy source for most body functions?
Which artificial sweetener was almost banned because of a proposed relationship with bladder cancer in experimental animals?
depressed as compared with a normal individual
Peggy Sue's doctor wants to screen her for reactive hypoglycemia. If her doctor's suspicions are correct, and Peggy Sue does have reactive hypoglycemia, what would you expect her blood glucose concentration to be at approximately TWO HOURS after she had begun her glucose tolerance test?
A diet low in fiber is associated with an increased risk of developing:
the extent to which a given food raises blood glucose and insulin
Which of the following BEST describes the glycemic index?
salivary amylase
Which of the following enzymes is found in the mouth?
tooth decay
Which of the following is associated with diets high in added sugars?
bacteria in yogurt help digest the lactose
Yogurt is tolerated better than milk by many lactase-deficient people because:
Type 2 diabetes is typically only seen in adults. T/F
diets high in sugar cause hyperactivity in children with diabetes. T/f
Carbohydrates are fattening. T/F
insulin and glucagon are both pancreatic hormones. T/F
A person with lactose intolerance is allergic to milk. T/f
Plants store glucose as fiber. T/f
Salivary amylase breaks down starches into galactose.T/f