The political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution. Monarchs here were absolute.
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
the clergy in France and the heads of the church in Britain (include both higher and lower clergy)
The French national assembly summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the ancient regime. The legislative branch of the French Government. For over 300 years, no laws were created. Block voting, which is for every estate. Legislative branch.
unpaid labor (as for the maintenance of roads) required by a lord of his vassals in lieu of taxes, service for the government
(in France before 1789) A tax levied on the common people by the king or an overlord. Basically, a land tax.
an offering of a tenth part of some personal income to the Church. The first and second estate are excused from this.
financial expert of Louis XVI, he advised Louis to reduce court spending, reform his government, abolish tarriffs on internal trade, but the First and Second Estates got him fired
July 14th, 1789
The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. While the prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.
The Great Fear
When the peasants were afraid that the nobles would send robbers to kill them. It was a result of the storming of Bastille.
(create a semi-circle in notebook)
Tax on salt and flour (flours can be called a staple) during pre-revolutionary France-included in the Estate's list of grievances.
The small government in Paris who wanted to resist the conservative leaders of France and tried to form their own government
Deceleration of the Rights of Man
this was based on the ideas of the Enlightenment that the revolutionaries wanted to follow. It can be considered the blue print of the revolution
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
A document, issued by the National Assembly in July 1790, that broke ties with the Catholic Church and established a national church system in France with a process for the election of regional bishops. The document angered the pope and church officials and turned many French Catholics against the revolutionaries.
Constitution of 1791
One of the basic precepts of the revolution was adopting constitutionality and establishing popular sovereignty, following the steps of the United States of America
Deceleration of Pilnitz
issued by King of Prussia and emperor of Austria, 2 monarchs threatened to intervene to protect the French monarch, bluff but revolutionaries took it seriously
Paper currency, the French churches were used as collateral -the first French paper currency issued by the General Assembly.
in the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages
the meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
Committee of Public Safety
The leaders under Robespierre who organized the defenses of France, conducted foreign policy, and centralized authority during the period 1792-1795.
Reign of Terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
Concordat of 1801
This is the agreement between Pope Pius VII and Napoleon that healed the religious division in France by giving the French Catholics free practice of their religion and Napoleon political power
The codification and condensation of laws assuring legal equality and uniformity in France.
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
Napoleon's brother, made king of Spain but unable to control the Spanish which led to the costly Peninsula War.
Elected president of France following general election. Won 70% of the votes because of his name. Bonaparte later changed the government to an empire w/himself as emperor just like his uncle, the original Napoleon.
Czar Alexander I
the czar of Russia whose plans to liberalize the government of Russia were unrealized because of the wars with Napoleon (1777-1825)
Congress of Vienna
conservative, reactionary meeting, led by Prince Metternich, restore Europe to Prerevolution time